SQL script processor using DB-Library
is a utility program distributed with
is a non-interactive equivalent
of the "isql" utility programs distributed by Sybase and Microsoft.
Like them, bsqldb
uses the command "go"
on a line by itself as a separator between batches. The last batch need not be
followed by "go". bsqldb
makes use of
the DB-Library API provided by FreeTDS. This API is of course also available
to application developers.
- Database to use.
- hostname Override name of client sent to server.
- Database server password.
- Database server to which to connect.
- Database server login name. If username is not provided, a
domain login is attempted for TDS 7+ connections.
- Name of file for errors.
- Print column headers with the data to the same file.
- Name of script file, containing SQL.
- Name of output file, holding result data.
- Do not print column metadata, return status, or rowcount.
- Specifies the field terminator. Default is two spaces ('
'). Recognized escape sequences are tab ('\t'), carriage return ('\r'),
newline ('\n'), and backslash ('\\').
- Verbose mode, for more information about the DB-Library
interaction. This also reports the result set metadata, including and
return code. All verbose data are written to standard error (or
-e), so as not to interfere with the data
- Specify pivot trasformation. The format is
⟨value⟩. Columns are
specified but numbers. The format of down
columns and across columns is a
comma separated list of columns. function
is either count, sum, min or max.
is a filter; it reads from standard input,
writes to standard output, and writes errors to standard error. The
options override these defaults.
The source code for bsqldb
is intended as a model
for DB-Library users. DB-Library has a rich set of functions, and it can be
hard sometimes to understand how to use them, particularly the first time. If
you find something about the source code unclear, you are encouraged to email
the author your comments.
exits 0 on success, and >0 if the server
cannot process the query.
For messages with severity > 10, bsqldb
exit(3) with the severity level. For example, if the severity level is 16,
will return an exit status of 16 to the
first appeared in FreeTDS 0.63.
utility was written by
James K. Lowden
Microsoft servers as of SQL Server 7.0 SP 3 do not return output parameters
unless the RPC functions are used. This means
cannot return output parameters for stored
procedures with these servers.