viewer and cataloguer
This manual documents feh
Compile-time switches: libcurl support enabled, natural sorting support enabled,
Xinerama support enabled, builtin EXIF support enabled
is a mode-based image viewer. It is especially
aimed at command line users who need a fast image viewer without huge GUI
dependencies, though it can also be started by (graphical) file managers to
view an image. By default (unless arguments or a filelist are specified),
displays all files in the current directory.
supports filelists, various image sorting
modes, image captions, HTTP and more. It can be controlled by configurable
keyboard and mouse shortcuts, terminal input and signals.
In many desktop environments, feh
can also be used
as wallpaper setter.
EXIF tags are supported either using exiv2 / exifgrep via
), or as a builtin feature by compiling
with exif=1. In this build of
, builtin EXIF support is enabled.
is based on various modes, which are selected
at startup by command line options.
Slideshow mode is the default. It opens a window and displays the first image in
it; the slideshow position can be advanced (or otherwise changed) using
keyboard and mouse shortcuts. In slideshow mode, images can be deleted either
from the filelist or from the disk, a changed filelist can also be saved to
the disk and reopened at a later time. An image can also be read from stdin
via “feh -”.
Montage mode forms a montage from the filelist. The resulting image can be
viewed or saved, and its size can be limited by height, width or both.
Index mode forms an index print from the filelist. Image thumbnails are shown
along with the filename, filesize and pixel size, printed using a truetype
font of your choice. The resulting image can be viewed or saved, and its size
can be limited by height, width or both.
Thumbnail mode is like index mode, but the mini-images are clickable and open
the selected image in a new window.
Multiwindow mode shows images in multiple windows, instead of as a slideshow in
one window. Don't use with a large filelist ;)
List mode doesn't display images. Instead, it outputs an
style listing of the
files in the filelist, including image info such as size, number of pixels,
type, etc. There is also a Customlist mode which prints image info in a custom
format specified by a printf-like format string.
can also list either all the loadable files in
a filelist or all the unloadable files. This is useful for preening a
can open any format supported by Imlib2, most
notably jpeg, png, pnm, tiff, and bmp. The gif format is also supported, but
only for static images. In case of animations, only the first frame will be
shown. If the convert binary (supplied by ImageMagick) is available, it also
has limited support for many other filetypes, such as svg, xcf and otf. Use
with a non-negative value to enable it.
- Specify a shell command as an action to perform on the
image. In slideshow or multiwindow mode, the action will be run when the
action_0 key is pressed, in list mode, it will be run for each file. In
loadable/unloadable mode, it will be run for each loadable/unloadable
file, respectively. In thumbnail mode, clicking on an image will cause the
action to run instead of opening the image.
If flag is “;”,
feh will reload the current image instead of
switching to the next one (slideshow mode) or closing the window
(multiwindow mode) after executing the action. If
[title] is specified (note the literal
“[” and “]”),
--draw-actions will display
title instead of
action in the action list. Note that
title must not start with a space. If it
does, the action is handled as if it did not have a title. This special
case exists for backwards compatibility reasons and makes sure that
actions like “[ -L %F ] && foo” still work.
The action will be executed by /bin/sh. Use format specifiers to refer to
image info, see FORMAT
SPECIFIERS for details. Example usage: “feh -A “mv
- Extra actions which can be set and triggered using the
appropriate number key.
- (optional feature, enabled in this build) Automatically
rotate images based on EXIF data. Does not alter the image files.
- Zoom pictures to screen size in fullscreen / fixed geometry
- Create borderless windows.
- Set Imlib2 in-memory cache to
size MiB. A higher cache size can
significantly improve performance especially for small slide shows,
however at the cost of increased memory consumption.
size must be between 0 and 2048 MiB and
defaults to 4.
- Enable thumbnail caching in
~/.thumbnails. Only works with thumbnails
<= 256x256 pixels.
- Path to directory containing image captions. This turns on
caption viewing, and if captions are found in
path, which is relative to the directory
of each image, they are overlayed on the displayed image. E.g. with
caption path “captions/”, and viewing image
“images/foo.jpg”, the caption will be looked for in
- Don't display images, print image info according to
format instead. See
- Exit feh after one loop
through the slideshow.
- Draw the defined actions and what they do at the top-left
of the image.
- (optional feature, enabled in this build) display some EXIF
information in the bottom left corner, similar to using
--info with exiv2 / exifgrep .
- Draw the filename at the top-left of the image.
- Show overlay texts (as created by
al) on a semi-transparent background to improve their
- This option is similar to the playlists used by music
software. If file exists, it will be read
for a list of files to load, in the order they appear. The format is a
list of image filenames, absolute or relative to the current directory,
one filename per line.
If file doesn't exist, it will be created
from the internal filelist at the end of a viewing session. This is best
used to store the results of complex sorts
example) for later viewing.
Any changes to the internal filelist (such as deleting a file or it being
pruned for being unloadable) will be saved to
feh exits. You can add files to filelists by
specifying them on the command line when also specifying the list.
If file is “-”,
feh will read the filelist from its standard
- Set global font. Should be a truetype font, resident in the
current directory or the font directory, and should be defined in the form
fontname/points, like “myfont/12”.
- Specify path as extra
directory in which to search for fonts; can be used multiple times to add
- Disable antialiasing for zooming, background setting
- Same as index mode, but with additional information below
the thumbnails. Works just like “feh --index --index-info
Note: This option needs to load all images to calculate the dimensions of
the feh window, so when using it with many
files it will take a while before a feh
window is visible. Use --preload to get a
- Make the window fullscreen. Note that in this mode, large
images will always be scaled down to fit the screen,
only affects smaller images and never scales larger than necessary to fit
the screen size. The only exception is a
zoom of 100, in which case images will
always be shown at 100% zoom, no matter their dimensions.
When combined with --thumbnails, this option
only affects images opened from the thumbnail overview. The thumbnail list
itself will still be windowed.
y | width
- Limit (and don't change) the window size. Takes an X-style
geometry string like 640x480 with
optional +x+y window offset. Note that larger images will be zoomed out to
fit, but you can see them at 1:1 by clicking the zoom button. Also note
that this option does not enforce the geometry, changing it by a tiling WM
or manually is still possible. After each resize, the resulting window
size is used as the new size limit.
- Hide the pointer (useful for slideshows).
- Use style as background
for transparent image parts and the like. Accepted values: default,
checks, or an XColor (eg. “black” or
“#428bdd”). In windowed mode, the default is checks (a
checkered background so transparent image parts are easy to see). In
fullscreen and background setting mode, checks is not accepted and the
default is black.
- Enable Index mode. Index mode is similar to montage mode,
and accepts the same options. It creates an index print of thumbnails,
printing the image name beneath each thumbnail. Index mode enables certain
other options, see
AND THUMBNAIL MODE OPTIONS and
- Execute commandline and
display its output in the bottom left corner of the image. Can be used to
display e.g. image dimensions or EXIF information. Supports
If flag is set to “;”, the
output will not be displayed by default, but has to be enabled by the
- When viewing files using HTTP,
feh normally deletes the local copies after
viewing, or, if caching, on exit. This option permanently stores them on
disk, either in the directory specified by
--output-dir, or in the current working
- When viewing files with HTTPS, this option disables strict
hostname and peer checking. This allows images on sites with self-signed
certificates to be opened, but is no more secure than plain HTTP.
- When switching images, keep zoom and viewport settings
(zoom level and X, Y offsets)
- Don't display images. Analyze them and display an
style listing. Useful in scripts to hunt out
images of a certain size/resolution/type etc.
- Don't display images. Just print out their names if imlib2
can successfully load them. Returns false if at least one image failed to
- Stop trying to convert unloadable files after
timeout seconds. A negative value
disables covert / magick support altogether, a value of zero causes
feh to try indefinitely. By default, magick
support is disabled. Note that feh may clutter
/tmp with temporary files created by
ImageMagick for each failed conversion attempt. This is a known bug.
- Only show images with width <=
width and height <=
height. If you only care about one
parameter, set the other to 0 (or a negative value).
- Use font (truetype, with
size, like “yudit/12”) as menu font.
- Only show images with width >=
width and height >=
height. If you only care about one
parameter, set the other to 0.
- Enable montage mode. Montage mode creates a new image
consisting of a grid of thumbnails of the images in the filelist. When
montage mode is selected, certain other options become available. See
- Disable slideshow mode. With this setting, instead of
opening multiple files in slideshow mode, multiple windows will be opened;
one per file.
- Don't jump to the first image after resorting the
- Don't load or show any menus.
- By default, window sizes are limited to the screen size.
With this option, windows will have the size of the image inside them.
Note that they may become very large this way, making them unmanageable in
certain window managers.
- (optional feature, enabled in this build) Disable Xinerama
- Save files to directory
(only useful with -k). By default, files are saved in the current working
- Preload images. This doesn't mean hold them in RAM, it
means run through them and eliminate unloadable images first. Otherwise
they will be removed as you flick through. This also analyses the images
to get data for use in sorting, such as pixel size, type etc. A preload
run will be automatically performed if you specify one of these sort
- Don't report non-fatal errors for failed loads. Verbose and
quiet modes are not mutually exclusive, the first controls informational
messages, the second only errors.
- When viewing multiple files in a slideshow, randomize the
file list before displaying. The list is re-randomized whenever the
slideshow cycles (that is, transitions from last to first image).
- Recursively expand any directories in the commandline
arguments to the content of those directories, all the way down to the
- Don't recursively expand any directories (enabled by
default). Useful to override theme options.
- Reload filelist and current image after
int seconds. Useful for viewing HTTP
webcams or frequently changing directories. (Note that the filelist
reloading is still experimental.)
If an image is removed, feh will either show
the next one or quit. However, if an image still exists, but can no longer
be loaded, feh will continue to try loading
- Reverse the sort order. Use this to invert the order of the
filelist. E.g. to sort in reverse width order, use
- Scale images to fit window geometry (defaults to screen
size when no geometry was specified). Note that the window geometry is not
updated when changing images at the moment. This option is recommended for
tiling window managers. This option is ignored when in fullscreen and
thumbnail list mode.
In tiling environments, this also causes the image to be centered in the
- Scroll count pixels
whenever scroll_up, scroll_down, scroll_left or scroll_right is pressed.
Note that this option accepts negative numbers in case you need to inverse
the scroll direction; see
KEYS CONFIG SYNTAX
to change it permanently. Default: 20
- For slideshow mode, wait
float seconds between automatically
changing slides. Useful for presentations. Specify a negative number to
set the delay (which will then be float
* (-1)), but start
feh in paused mode.
- The file list may be sorted according to image parameters.
Allowed sort types are: name, filename, dirname, mtime, width, height,
pixels, size, format. For sort modes other than name, filename, dirname,
or mtime, a preload run will be necessary, causing a delay proportional to
the number of images in the list.
The mtime sort mode sorts images by most recently modified. To sort by
oldest first, reverse the filelist with --reverse.
- Start the filelist at
filename. Note that at the moment,
filename must match an (expanded) path in
the filelist. So, if the file to be matched is passed via an absolute path
in the filelist, filename must be an
absolute path. If the file is passed via a relative path,
filename must be an identical relative
path. This is a known issue. See also
- Load options from config file with name
theme - see
SYNTAX for more info. Note that commandline options always override
theme options. The theme can also be set via the program name (e.g. with
symlinks), so by default feh will look for a
- Same as Index mode, but the thumbnails are clickable image
launchers. Note that --fullscreen and
--scale-down do not affect the thumbnail
window. They do, however, work for image windows launched from thumbnail
mode. Also supports
AND THUMBNAIL MODE OPTIONS as well as
- Set title for windows
opened from thumbnail mode. See also
- Set window title. Applies to all windows except those
opened from thumbnail mode. See
- Don't display images. Just print out their names if imlib2
can NOT successfully load them. Returns false if at least one image was
- output useful information, progress bars, etc.
- output version information and exit.
- (optional feature, enabled in this build) Use natural
sorting for file and directory names. In this mode, filenames are sorted
as an ordinary human would expect, e.g. “2.jpg” comes before
- (optional feature, enabled in this build) Override
feh's idea of the
active Xinerama screen. May be useful in certain circumstances where the
window manager places the feh window on Xinerama screen A while
feh assumes that it will be placed on screen
In background setting mode: When used with any option other than
--bg-tile: Only set wallpaper on
screen. All other screens will be filled
black/white. This is most useful in a Xinerama configuration with
overlapping screens. For instance, assume you have two overlapping
displays (index 0 and 1), where index 0 is smaller. To center a background
on the display with index 0 and fill the extra space on index 1
black/white, use “--xinerama-index 0” when setting the
- Zoom images by percent
when in full screen mode or when window geometry is fixed. When combined
with --auto-zoom, zooming will be limited to
the specified percent. Specifying
max is like setting
fill makes feh
zoom the image like the --bg-fill mode.
These additional options can be used for index, montage and (partially)
- When drawing thumbnails onto the background, set their
transparency level to int (0 - 255).
--bg file |
- Use file as background for
your montage. With this option specified, the montage size will default to
the size of file if no size restrictions
were specified. Alternatively, if file is
“trans”, the background will be made transparent.
- By default, the montage thumbnails will retain their aspect
ratios, while fitting into thumb-width/-height. This options forces them
to be the size set by --thumb-width
This will prevent any empty space in the final montage.
- Limit the height of the montage.
- Limit the width of the montage, defaults to 800 pixels.
If both --limit-width
are specified, the montage will be exactly
height pixels in dimensions.
- Save the created montage to
- Just save the created montage to
file without displaying it.
- Normally, if an image is smaller than the specified
thumbnail size, it will not be enlarged. If this option is set, the image
will be scaled up to fit the thumbnail size. Aspect ratio will be
maintained unless --ignore-aspect is
- Set thumbnail height.
- Set thumbnail width.
In addition to MONTAGE
MODE OPTIONS --alpha
, the following options can be used.
- Show image information based on
format below thumbnails in index /
thumbnail mode. See
May contain newlines. Use “--index-info ''” to display
thumbnails without any info text
Note: If you specify image-related formats (such as %w or %s),
feh needs to load all images to calculate the
dimensions of its own window. So when using them with many files, it will
take a while before a feh window becomes
visible. Use --preload to get a progress
- Set font to print a title on the index, if no font is
specified, no title will be printed.
- Redraw thumbnail window every
n images. In
feh <= 1.5, the thumbnail image used to be
redrawn after every computed thumbnail (so, it updated immediately).
However, since the redrawing takes quite long (especially for thumbnail
mode on a large filelist), this turned out to be a major performance
penalty. As a workaround, the thumbnail image is redrawn every 10th image
now by default. Set n =
1 to get the old behaviour, n
= 0 will only redraw once all thumbnails are
In many desktop environments, feh
can also be used
as a background setter. Unless you pass the
option, it will write a script to set
the current background to ~/.fehbg
. So to have
your background restored every time you start X, you can add “~/.fehbg
&” to your X startup script (such as
). Note that (unless the wallpaper is
set via the menu) feh
saves the files and
directories it was passed on the commandline, not the files which actually
ended up as wallpaper. So, if you have randomization enabled,
may set different wallpapers on each
Note that feh
does not support setting the
wallpaper of GNOME shell desktops. In this environment, you can use
“gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.background picture-uri
, you can use
to specify an offset from one side of
the screen instead of centering the image. Positive values will offset from
the left/top side, negative values from the bottom/right. +0 and -0 are both
valid and distinct values.
Note that all options except --bg-tile
Xinerama. For instance, if you have multiple screens connected and use e.g.
will center or appropriately offset the image on each screen. You may even
specify more than one file, in that case, the first file is set on screen 0,
the second on screen 1, and so on.
to treat the whole X display as
one screen when setting wallpapers. You may also use
as a background setter for a specific screen.
- Center the file on the background. If it is too small, it
will be surrounded by a border as specified by
- Like --bg-scale, but preserves
aspect ratio by zooming the image until it fits. Either a horizontal or a
vertical part of the image will be cut off
- Like --bg-fill, but scale the
image to the maximum size that fits the screen with borders on one side.
The border color can be set using
- Fit the file into the background without repeating it,
cutting off stuff or using borders. But the aspect ratio is not preserved
- Tile (repeat) the image in case it is too small for the
- Do not write a ~/.fehbg
- Image path/filename
- Escaped image path/filename (for use in shell
- w,h window dimensions in pixels (mnemonic: geometry)
- Image height
- Total number of files in filelist
- Temporary copy of filelist. Multiple uses of %L within the
same format string will return the same copy.
- Current mode
- Image name
- Escaped image name
- x,y offset of top-left image corner to window corner in
- Number of image pixels
- Number of image pixels in human-readable format with k/M
(kilopixels / megapixels) suffix
- Image rotation. A half right turn equals pi.
- Image size in bytes
- Human-readable image size (kB / MB)
- Image format
- Number of current file
- Image width
- feh version
- Process ID
- Current image zoom, rounded to two decimal places
- Current image zoom, higher precision
- A literal %
has three config files:
for theme definitions,
for key bindings and
for mouse button bindings. It will try to
read them from $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/feh/
, which (when
XDG_CONFIG_HOME is unset) defaults to
. If the files are not found in
that directory, it will also try /etc/feh/
All config files treat lines starting with a “#” character as
comments. Note that mid-line comments are not supported.
allows the naming of option
groups, called themes.
It takes entries of the form “theme options
”, where theme
is the name of
the entry and options
are the options which
will be applied when the theme is used.
Note that the option parser does not behave like a normal shell: filename
expansion and backslash escape sequences are not supported and passed to feh's
option parser as-is. However, quoting of arguments is respected and can be
used for arguments with whitespace. So, the sequence “--info
“foo bar”” works as intended (that is, it display the
string “foo bar”), whereas the option string “--info foo\
bar” will only display “foo\” and complain about the file
bar not existing. Please keep this in mind when writing theme files.
An example entry is “imagemap -rVq --thumb-width 40 --thumb-height 30
You can use this theme in two ways. Either call
-Timagemap *.jpg”, or create a
symbolic link to feh
with the name of the theme
you want it to use. For the example above, this would be “ln -s `which
` ~/bin/imagemap”. Now just run
“imagemap *.jpg” to use these options.
Note that you can split a theme over several lines by placing a backslash at the
end of an unfinished line.
Command line options always override theme options.
defines key bindings. It has
entries of the form “action
is an X11 keysym name as shown by
“Delete”. It may optionally start with modifiers for things like
Control, in which case key
(for example “C-Delete” for Ctrl+Delete or
“C-1-Delete” for Ctrl+Alt+Delete)
Available modifiers are C for
, S for Shift
4 for Mod1 and Mod4
To match an uppercase letter like “S” instead of
“s”, the Shift modifier is not required.
Specifying an action
without any keys unbinds
it (i.e. the default bindings are removed).
Do not use the same keybinding for multiple
actions. When binding an action to a new key (or mouse button), make sure to
unbind it from its previous action, if present.
does not check for conflicting bindings, so
their behaviour is undefined.
For a list of the action
. Note that not all of the key
names used there correspond to X11 keysyms. Most notably, page up (Prior /
Page_Up), page down (Next / Page_Down) and the keypad keys (KP_*) do not.
The following actions and default key bindings can be used in an image window.
(The strings in [square brackets] are the config action names). If
is running inside a terminal and its standard
input is not used for images or filelists, key input from the terminal is also
accepted. However, terminal input support is currently limited to most
alphanumeric characters (0-9 a-z A-Z and some more), return and backspace.
- a [toggle_actions]
- Toggle actions display (see
- A [toggle_aliasing]
- Enable/Disable anti-aliasing
- c [toggle_caption]
- Caption entry mode. If
--caption-path has been specified, then this
enables caption editing. The caption at the bottom of the screen will turn
yellow and can be edited. Hit return to confirm and save the caption, or
escape to cancel editing. Note that you can insert an actual newline into
the caption using ⟨Ctrl+return⟩.
- d [toggle_filenames]
- Toggle filename display (see
- e [toggle_exif]
- (optional feature, enabled in this build) Toggle EXIF tag
- f [save_filelist]
- Save the current filelist as
- g [toggle_fixed_geometry]
- Enable/Disable automatic window resize when changing
- h [toggle_pause]
- Pause/Continue the slideshow. When it is paused, it will
not automatically change slides based on
- i [toggle_info]
- Toggle info display (see
- k [toggle_keep_vp]
- Toggle zoom and viewport keeping. When enabled,
feh will keep zoom and X, Y offset when
- m [toggle_menu]
- Show menu. Use the arrow keys and return to select items,
⟨escape⟩ to close the menu.
- n, ⟨space⟩, ⟨Right⟩
- Show next image. Selects the next image in thumbnail
- o [toggle_pointer]
- Toggle pointer visibility
- p, ⟨BackSpace⟩, ⟨Left⟩
- Show previous image. Selects the previous image in
- q, ⟨Escape⟩ [quit]
- Quit feh
- r [reload_image]
- Reload current image. Useful for webcams
- s [save_image]
- Save the current image as
- v [toggle_fullscreen]
- Toggle fullscreen
- w [size_to_image]
- Change window size to fit current image size (plus/minus
zoom, if set). In scale-down and fixed-geometry mode, this also updates
the window size limits.
- x [close]
- Close current window
- z [jump_random]
- Jump to a random position in the current filelist
- Z [toggle_auto_zoom]
- Toggle auto-zoom.
- [, ] [prev_dir, next_dir]
- Jump to the first image of the previous or next sequence of
images sharing a directory name in the current filelist. Use --sort
dirname if you would like to ensure that all images in a directory are
- <, > [orient_3, orient_1]
- In place editing - rotate the image 90 degrees
(counter)clockwise. The rotation is lossless, but may create artifacts in
some image corners when used with JPEG images. Rotating in the reverse
direction will make them go away. See
for more about lossless JPEG rotation. Note:
feh assumes that this feature is used to
normalize image orientation. For JPEG images, it will unconditionally set
the EXIF orientation tag to 1 (“0,0 is top left”) after
every rotation. See
for details on how to change this flag.
- _ [flip]
- In place editing - vertical flip
- | [mirror]
- In place editing - horizontal flip
- 0 .. 9 [action_0 .. action_9]
- Execute the corresponding action (0 =
--action, 1 =
- ⟨Return⟩ [action_0]
- Run the command defined by
- ⟨Home⟩ [jump_first]
- Show first image
- ⟨End⟩ [jump_last]
- Show last image
- ⟨page up⟩ [jump_fwd]
- Go forward ~5% of the filelist
- ⟨page down⟩ [jump_back]
- Go backward ~5% of the filelist
- + [reload_plus]
- Increase reload delay by 1 second
- - [reload_minus]
- Decrease reload delay by 1 second
- ⟨Delete⟩ [remove]
- Remove current file from filelist
- ⟨Ctrl+Delete⟩ [delete]
- Remove current file from filelist and delete it
- ⟨keypad Left⟩, ⟨Ctrl+Left⟩
- Scroll to the left
- ⟨keypad Right⟩, ⟨Ctrl+Right⟩
- Scroll to the right
- ⟨keypad up⟩, ⟨Ctrl+Up⟩
- Scroll up
- ⟨keypad Down⟩, ⟨Ctrl+Down⟩
- Scroll down. Note that the scroll keys work without
anti-aliasing for performance reasons, hit the render key after scrolling
to antialias the image.
- ⟨Alt+Left [scroll_left_page]⟩
- Scroll to the left by one page
- ⟨Alt+Right [scroll_right_page]⟩
- Scroll to the right by one page
- ⟨Alt+Up [scroll_up_page]⟩
- Scroll up by one page
- ⟨Alt+Down [scroll_down_page]⟩
- Scroll down by one page
- R, ⟨keypad begin⟩ [render]
- Antialias the image. Opens the currently selected image in
- ⟨keypad +⟩, ⟨Up⟩ [zoom_in]
- Zoom in
- ⟨keypad -⟩, ⟨Down⟩
- Zoom out
- *, ⟨keypad *⟩ [zoom_default]
- Zoom to 100%
- /, ⟨keypad /⟩ [zoom_fit]
- Zoom to fit the window size
- ! [zoom_fill]
- Zoom to fill the window size like
The following keys bindings are used for the feh
- ⟨Escape⟩ [menu_close]
- Close the menu
- ⟨Up⟩ [menu_up]
- Highlight previous menu item
- ⟨Down⟩ [menu_down]
- Highlight next menu item
- ⟨Left⟩ [menu_parent]
- Highlight parent menu item
- ⟨Right⟩ [menu_child]
- Highlight child menu item
- ⟨Return⟩, ⟨space⟩
- Select highlighted menu item
. This works like the keys
config file: the entries are of the form
is a button number. It may
optionally start with modifiers for things like Control, in which case
(for example C-1 for Ctrl + Left button).
Do not use the same button for multiple
does not check for conflicting
bindings, so their behaviour is undefined. Either unbind the unwanted action,
or bind it to another unused button. The order in which you bind / unbind does
not matter, though.
For the available modifiers, see
In an image window, the following buttons may be used (The strings in [square
brackets] are the config action names). Additionally, all actions specified in
section can also be bound
to a button.
- unbound [reload]
- Reload current image
- 1 ⟨left mouse button⟩ [pan]
- pan the current image
- 2 ⟨middle mouse button⟩ [zoom]
- Zoom the current image
- 3 ⟨right mouse button⟩ [toggle_menu]
- Toggle menu
- 4 ⟨mousewheel down⟩ [prev_img]
- Show previous image
- 5 ⟨mousewheel up⟩ [next_img]
- Show next image
- Ctrl+1 [blur]
- Blur current image
- Ctrl+2 [rotate]
- Rotate current image
- unbound [zoom_in]
- Zoom in
- unbound [zoom_out]
- Zoom out
Default Bindings: When viewing an image, mouse button 1 pans the image (moves it
around) or, when only clicked, moves to the next image (slideshow mode only).
Quick drags with less than 2px of movement per axis will be treated as clicks
to aid graphics tablet users. Mouse button 2 zooms (click and drag
left->right to zoom in, right->left to zoom out, click once to restore
zoom to 100%) and mouse button 3 opens the menu.
Ctrl+Button 1 blurs or sharpens the image (drag left to blur, right to sharpen);
Ctrl+Button 2 rotates the image around the center point.
A note about pan and zoom modes: In pan mode, if you reach a window border but
haven't yet panned to the end of the image, feh
will warp your cursor to the opposite border so you can continue panning.
When clicking the zoom button and immediately releasing it, the image will be
back at 100% zoom. When clicking it and moving the mouse while holding the
button down, the zoom will be continued at the previous zoom level. The zoom
will always happen so that the pixel on which you entered the zoom mode
remains stationary. So, to enlarge a specific part of an image, click the zoom
button on that part.
In slideshow mode, feh
handles the following
- Switch to next image
- Switch to previous image
Here are some examples of useful option combinations. See also:
- feh ~/Pictures
- Show all images in ~/Pictures
- feh -r ~/Pictures
- Recursively show all images found in ~/Pictures and
- feh -rSfilename --version-sort ~/Pictures
- Same as above, but sort naturally. By default, feh will
show files in the string order of their names, meaning e.g. “foo
10.jpg” will come before “foo 2.jpg”. In this case,
they are instead ordered as a human would expect.
- feh -t -Sfilename -E 128 -y 128 -W 1024 ~/Pictures
- Show 128x128 pixel thumbnails, limit window width to 1024
- feh -t -Sfilename -E 128 -y 128 -W 1024 -P -C
/usr/share/fonts/truetype/ttf-dejavu/ -e DejaVuSans/8 ~/Pictures
- Same as above, but enable thumbnail caching in
~/.thumbnails and use a smaller font.
- feh -irFarial/14 -O index.jpg ~/Pictures
- Make an index print of ~/Pictures and all directories below
it, using 14 point Arial to write the image info under each thumbnail.
Save the image as index.jpg and don't display it, just exit. Note that
this even works without a running X server
- feh --unloadable -r ~/Pictures
- Print all unloadable images in ~/Pictures, recursively
- feh -f by_width -S width --reverse --list .
- Write a list of all images in the directory to by_width,
sorted by width (widest images first)
- feh -w ~/Pictures/holidays
- Open each image in ~/Pictures/holidays in its own
- feh -FD5 -Sname ~/Pictures/presentation
- Show the images in .../presentation, sorted by name, in
fullscreen, automatically change to the next image after 5 seconds
- feh -rSwidth -A “mv %F ~/images/%N”
- View all images in ~/Pictures and below, sorted by width,
move an image to ~/image/image_name when enter is pressed
- feh --start-at ./foo.jpg .
- View all images in the current directory, starting with
foo.jpg. All other images are still in the slideshow and can be viewed
- feh --start-at foo.jpg *
- Same as above
- feh --info "exifgrep
'(Model|DateTimeOriginal|FNumber|ISO|Flash)' %F | cut -d . -f 4-"
- Show some EXIF information, extracted by
- feh --action 'rm %F' -rl --max-dim 1000x800
- Recursively remove all images with dimensions below or
equal to 1000x800 pixels from the current directory.
binaries (usually distributed in
“libjpeg-progs” or similar) for lossless rotation.
To view images from URLs such as http://, you need
compiled with libcurl support (enabled by
default). See the VERSION
On systems with giflib 5.1.2, feh
may be unable to
load gif images. For affected mips, mipsel and arm devices, gif support is
completely broken, while on x86 / x86_64 gifs can usually only be loaded if
they are the first image in the filelist. This appears to be a bug in giflib,
for details. Workaround: Use --magick-timeout 5
(or some other positive value) to load gifs with imagemagick instead, or
downgrade to giflib 5.1.1, or upgrade to giflib 5.1.4.
Thumbnail mode is somewhat inefficient, and because of that not nearly as fast
as it could be.
does not take window decorations into
account and may therefore make the window slightly too large.
When enabled, --magick-timeout
with temporary files produced by
ImageMagick. This happens whenever an image is not loaded due to the
conversion taking longer than the specified timeout.
If you find a bug, please report it to ⟨firstname.lastname@example.org⟩
or via ⟨http://github.com/derf/feh/issues⟩. You are also welcome
to direct any feh-related comments/questions/... to #feh on irc.oftc.net.
Please include the feh version ⟨the output of “feh
--version”⟩, steps to reproduce the bug and, if necessary,
images to reproduce it.
Plans for the following releases:
- Make zoom options more intuitive
Copyright (C) 1999, 2000 by Paul Duncan. Copyright (C) 1999, 2000 by Tom Gilbert
(and various contributors). Copyright (C) 2010-2016 by Daniel Friesel (and
even more contributors).
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of
this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"),
to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the
rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or
sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all
copies of the Software and its documentation and acknowledgment shall be given
in the documentation and software packages that this Software was used.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO
EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY,
WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR
IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
Current developer: Daniel Friesel ⟨email@example.com⟩
Original author (no longer developing): Tom Gilbert
See also: http://feh.finalrewind.org