filesystems - Linux filesystem types: ext, ext2, ext3, ext4, hpfs, iso9660, JFS,
minix, msdos, ncpfs nfs, ntfs, proc, Reiserfs, smb, sysv, umsdos, vfat, XFS,
When, as is customary, the proc
filesystem is mounted on /proc
you can find in the file /proc/filesystems
which filesystems your
kernel currently supports; see proc(5)
for more details. If you need a
currently unsupported filesystem, insert the corresponding module or recompile
In order to use a filesystem, you have to mount
it; see mount(8)
Below a short description of the available or historically available filesystems
in the Linux kernel. See kernel documentation for a comprehensive description
of all options and limitations.
- is an elaborate extension of the minix filesystem.
It has been completely superseded by the second version of the extended
filesystem (ext2) and has been removed from the kernel (in
- is the high performance disk filesystem used by Linux for
fixed disks as well as removable media. The second extended filesystem was
designed as an extension of the extended filesystem (ext). See
- is a journaling version of the ext2 filesystem. It
is easy to switch back and forth between ext2 and ext3. See
- is a set of upgrades to ext3 including substantial
performance and reliability enhancements, plus large increases in volume,
file, and directory size limits. See ext4(5).
- is the High Performance Filesystem, used in OS/2. This
filesystem is read-only under Linux due to the lack of available
- is a CD-ROM filesystem type conforming to the ISO 9660
- High Sierra
- Linux supports High Sierra, the precursor to the ISO 9660
standard for CD-ROM filesystems. It is automatically recognized within the
iso9660 filesystem support under Linux.
- Rock Ridge
- Linux also supports the System Use Sharing Protocol records
specified by the Rock Ridge Interchange Protocol. They are used to further
describe the files in the iso9660 filesystem to a UNIX host, and
provide information such as long filenames, UID/GID, POSIX permissions,
and devices. It is automatically recognized within the iso9660
filesystem support under Linux.
- is a journaling filesystem, developed by IBM, that was
integrated into Linux in kernel 2.4.24.
- is the filesystem used in the Minix operating system, the
first to run under Linux. It has a number of shortcomings, including a
64 MB partition size limit, short filenames, and a single
timestamp. It remains useful for floppies and RAM disks.
- is the filesystem used by DOS, Windows, and some OS/2
computers. msdos filenames can be no longer than 8 characters,
followed by an optional period and 3 character extension.
- is a network filesystem that supports the NCP protocol,
used by Novell NetWare.
- To use ncpfs, you need special programs, which can
be found at
- is the network filesystem used to access disks located on
- replaces Microsoft Window's FAT filesystems (VFAT, FAT32).
It has reliability, performance, and space-utilization enhancements plus
features like ACLs, journaling, encryption, and so on.
- is a pseudo filesystem which is used as an interface to
kernel data structures rather than reading and interpreting
/dev/kmem. In particular, its files do not take disk space. See
- is a journaling filesystem, designed by Hans Reiser, that
was integrated into Linux in kernel 2.4.1.
- is a network filesystem that supports the SMB protocol,
used by Windows for Workgroups, Windows NT, and Lan Manager. See
- is an implementation of the SystemV/Coherent filesystem for
Linux. It implements all of Xenix FS, SystemV/386 FS, and Coherent
- is an extended DOS filesystem used by Linux. It adds
capability for long filenames, UID/GID, POSIX permissions, and special
files (devices, named pipes, etc.) under the DOS filesystem, without
sacrificing compatibility with DOS.
- is a filesystem whose contents reside in virtual memory.
Since the files on such filesystems typically reside in RAM, file access
is extremely fast. See tmpfs(5).
- is an extended FAT filesystem used by Microsoft Windows95
and Windows NT. vfat adds the capability to use long filenames
under the MSDOS filesystem.
- is a journaling filesystem, developed by SGI, that was
integrated into Linux in kernel 2.4.20.
- was designed and implemented to be a stable, safe
filesystem by extending the Minix filesystem code. It provides the basic
most requested features without undue complexity. The xiafs
filesystem is no longer actively developed or maintained. It was removed
from the kernel in 2.1.21.
This page is part of release 4.16 of the Linux man-pages
description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest
version of this page, can be found at