git-rm - Remove files from the working tree and from the index
git rm [-f | --force] [-n] [-r] [--cached] [--ignore-unmatch] [--quiet] [--] <file>...
Remove files from the index, or from the working tree and the index. git
will not remove a file from just your working directory. (There is no
option to remove a file only from the working tree and yet keep it in the
index; use /bin/rm
if you want to do that.) The files being removed
have to be identical to the tip of the branch, and no updates to their
contents can be staged in the index, though that default behavior can be
overridden with the -f
option. When --cached
is given, the
staged content has to match either the tip of the branch or the file on disk,
allowing the file to be removed from just the index.
Files to remove. Fileglobs (e.g. *.c)
can be given to remove all matching files. If you want Git to expand file glob
characters, you may need to shell-escape them. A leading directory name (e.g.
dir to remove dir/file1 and dir/file2) can be given to
remove all files in the directory, and recursively all sub-directories, but
this requires the -r option to be explicitly given.
Override the up-to-date check.
Don’t actually remove any file(s).
Instead, just show if they exist in the index and would otherwise be removed
by the command.
Allow recursive removal when a leading
directory name is given.
This option can be used to separate
command-line options from the list of files, (useful when filenames might be
mistaken for command-line options).
Use this option to unstage and remove paths
only from the index. Working tree files, whether modified or not, will be left
Exit with a zero status even if no files
git rm normally outputs one line (in
the form of an rm command) for each file removed. This option
suppresses that output.
The <file> list given to the command can be exact pathnames, file glob
patterns, or leading directory names. The command removes only the paths that
are known to Git. Giving the name of a file that you have not told Git about
does not remove that file.
File globbing matches across directory boundaries. Thus, given two directories
, there is a difference between using git rm 'd*'
and git rm 'd/*'
, as the former will also remove all of directory
There is no option for git rm
to remove from the index only the paths
that have disappeared from the filesystem. However, depending on the use case,
there are several ways that can be done.
If you intend that your next commit should record all modifications of tracked
files in the working tree and record all removals of files that have been
removed from the working tree with rm
(as opposed to git rm
use git commit -a
, as it will automatically notice and record all
removals. You can also have a similar effect without committing by using
git add -u
When accepting a new code drop for a vendor branch, you probably want to record
both the removal of paths and additions of new paths as well as modifications
of existing paths.
Typically you would first remove all tracked files from the working tree using
git ls-files -z | xargs -0 rm -f
and then untar the new code in the working tree. Alternately you could
the changes into the working tree.
After that, the easiest way to record all removals, additions, and modifications
in the working tree is:
If all you really want to do is to remove from the index the files that are no
longer present in the working tree (perhaps because your working tree is dirty
so that you cannot use git commit -a
), use the following command:
git diff --name-only --diff-filter=D -z | xargs -0 git rm --cached
Only submodules using a gitfile (which means they were cloned with a Git version
1.7.8 or newer) will be removed from the work tree, as their repository lives
inside the .git directory of the superproject. If a submodule (or one of those
nested inside it) still uses a .git directory, git rm
will move the
submodules git directory into the superprojects git directory to protect the
submodule’s history. If it exists the submodule.<name> section in
file will also be removed and that file will be
staged (unless --cached or -n are used).
A submodule is considered up to date when the HEAD is the same as recorded in
the index, no tracked files are modified and no untracked files that
aren’t ignored are present in the submodules work tree. Ignored files
are deemed expendable and won’t stop a submodule’s work tree
from being removed.
If you only want to remove the local checkout of a submodule from your work tree
without committing the removal, use git-submodule(1) deinit
instead. Also see gitsubmodules(7)
for details on submodule removal.
git rm Documentation/\*.txt
git rm -f git-*.sh
Removes all *.txt
files from the index
that are under the Documentation
directory and any of its
Note that the asterisk *
is quoted from the shell in this example; this
lets Git, and not the shell, expand the pathnames of files and subdirectories
under the Documentation/
Because this example lets the shell expand the
asterisk (i.e. you are listing the files explicitly), it does not remove
Each time a superproject update removes a populated submodule (e.g. when
switching between commits before and after the removal) a stale submodule
checkout will remain in the old location. Removing the old directory is only
safe when it uses a gitfile, as otherwise the history of the submodule will be
deleted too. This step will be obsolete when recursive submodule update has
Part of the git(1)