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IP-XFRM(8) Linux IP-XFRM(8)

NAME

ip-xfrm - transform configuration

SYNOPSIS


ip [ OPTIONS ] xfrm { COMMAND | help }
 
 
ip xfrm XFRM-OBJECT { COMMAND | help }
 
 
XFRM-OBJECT := state | policy | monitor
 
 
ip xfrm state { add | update } ID [ ALGO-LIST ] [ mode MODE ] [ mark MARK [ mask MASK ] ] [ reqid REQID ] [ seq SEQ ] [ replay-window SIZE ] [ replay-seq SEQ ] [ replay-oseq SEQ ] [ replay-seq-hi SEQ ] [ replay-oseq-hi SEQ ] [ flag FLAG-LIST ] [ sel SELECTOR ] [ LIMIT-LIST ] [ encap ENCAP ] [ coa ADDR[/PLEN] ] [ ctx CTX ] [ extra-flag EXTRA-FLAG-LIST ]
 
ip xfrm state allocspi ID [ mode MODE ] [ mark MARK [ mask MASK ] ] [ reqid REQID ] [ seq SEQ ] [ min SPI max SPI ]
 
ip xfrm state { delete | get } ID [ mark MARK [ mask MASK ] ]
 
ip xfrm state { deleteall | list } [ ID ] [ mode MODE ] [ reqid REQID ] [ flag FLAG-LIST ]
 
ip xfrm state flush [ proto XFRM-PROTO ]
 
ip xfrm state count
 
ID := [ src ADDR ] [ dst ADDR ] [ proto XFRM-PROTO ] [ spi SPI ]
 
XFRM-PROTO := esp | ah | comp | route2 | hao
 
ALGO-LIST := [ ALGO-LIST ] ALGO
 
ALGO := { enc | auth } ALGO-NAME ALGO-KEYMAT |
 
auth-trunc ALGO-NAME ALGO-KEYMAT ALGO-TRUNC-LEN |
 
aead ALGO-NAME ALGO-KEYMAT ALGO-ICV-LEN |
 
comp ALGO-NAME
 
MODE := transport | tunnel | beet | ro | in_trigger
 
FLAG-LIST := [ FLAG-LIST ] FLAG
 
FLAG := noecn | decap-dscp | nopmtudisc | wildrecv | icmp | af-unspec | align4 | esn
 
SELECTOR := [ src ADDR[/PLEN] ] [ dst ADDR[/PLEN] ] [ dev DEV ]
 
[ UPSPEC ]
 
UPSPEC := proto { PROTO |
 
{ tcp | udp | sctp | dccp } [ sport PORT ] [ dport PORT ] |
 
{ icmp | ipv6-icmp | mobility-header } [ type NUMBER ] [ code NUMBER ] |
 
gre [ key { DOTTED-QUAD | NUMBER } ] }
 
LIMIT-LIST := [ LIMIT-LIST ] limit LIMIT
 
LIMIT := { time-soft | time-hard | time-use-soft | time-use-hard } SECONDS |
 
{ byte-soft | byte-hard } SIZE |
 
{ packet-soft | packet-hard } COUNT
 
ENCAP := { espinudp | espinudp-nonike } SPORT DPORT OADDR
 
EXTRA-FLAG-LIST := [ EXTRA-FLAG-LIST ] EXTRA-FLAG
 
EXTRA-FLAG := dont-encap-dscp
 
ip xfrm policy { add | update } SELECTOR dir DIR [ ctx CTX ] [ mark MARK [ mask MASK ] ] [ index INDEX ] [ ptype PTYPE ] [ action ACTION ] [ priority PRIORITY ] [ flag FLAG-LIST ] [ LIMIT-LIST ] [ TMPL-LIST ]
 
ip xfrm policy { delete | get } { SELECTOR | index INDEX } dir DIR [ ctx CTX ] [ mark MARK [ mask MASK ] ] [ ptype PTYPE ]
 
ip xfrm policy { deleteall | list } [ SELECTOR ] [ dir DIR ] [ index INDEX ] [ ptype PTYPE ] [ action ACTION ] [ priority PRIORITY ] [ flag FLAG-LIST]
 
ip xfrm policy flush [ ptype PTYPE ]
 
ip xfrm policy count
 
ip xfrm policy set [ hthresh4 LBITS RBITS ] [ hthresh6 LBITS RBITS ]
 
SELECTOR := [ src ADDR[/PLEN] ] [ dst ADDR[/PLEN] ] [ dev DEV ] [ UPSPEC ]
 
UPSPEC := proto { PROTO |
 
{ tcp | udp | sctp | dccp } [ sport PORT ] [ dport PORT ] |
 
{ icmp | ipv6-icmp | mobility-header } [ type NUMBER ] [ code NUMBER ] |
 
gre [ key { DOTTED-QUAD | NUMBER } ] }
 
DIR := in | out | fwd
 
PTYPE := main | sub
 
ACTION := allow | block
 
FLAG-LIST := [ FLAG-LIST ] FLAG
 
FLAG := localok | icmp
 
LIMIT-LIST := [ LIMIT-LIST ] limit LIMIT
 
LIMIT := { time-soft | time-hard | time-use-soft | time-use-hard } SECONDS |
 
{ byte-soft | byte-hard } SIZE |
 
{ packet-soft | packet-hard } COUNT
 
TMPL-LIST := [ TMPL-LIST ] tmpl TMPL
 
TMPL := ID [ mode MODE ] [ reqid REQID ] [ level LEVEL ]
 
ID := [ src ADDR ] [ dst ADDR ] [ proto XFRM-PROTO ] [ spi SPI ]
 
XFRM-PROTO := esp | ah | comp | route2 | hao
 
MODE := transport | tunnel | beet | ro | in_trigger
 
LEVEL := required | use
 
ip xfrm monitor [ all-nsid ] [ all
| LISTofXFRM-OBJECTS ]
 
LISTofXFRM-OBJECTS := [ LISTofXFRM-OBJECTS ] XFRM-OBJECT
 
XFRM-OBJECT := acquire | expire | SA | policy | aevent | report
 

 

DESCRIPTION

xfrm is an IP framework for transforming packets (such as encrypting their payloads). This framework is used to implement the IPsec protocol suite (with the state object operating on the Security Association Database, and the policy object operating on the Security Policy Database). It is also used for the IP Payload Compression Protocol and features of Mobile IPv6.
 
ip xfrm state add add new state into xfrm
ip xfrm state update update existing state in xfrm
ip xfrm state allocspi allocate an SPI value
ip xfrm state delete delete existing state in xfrm
ip xfrm state get get existing state in xfrm
ip xfrm state deleteall delete all existing state in xfrm
ip xfrm state list print out the list of existing state in xfrm
ip xfrm state flush flush all state in xfrm
ip xfrm state count count all existing state in xfrm
 
ID
is specified by a source address, destination address, transform protocol XFRM-PROTO, and/or Security Parameter Index SPI. (For IP Payload Compression, the Compression Parameter Index or CPI is used for SPI.)
 
XFRM-PROTO
specifies a transform protocol: IPsec Encapsulating Security Payload (esp), IPsec Authentication Header (ah), IP Payload Compression (comp), Mobile IPv6 Type 2 Routing Header (route2), or Mobile IPv6 Home Address Option (hao).
 
ALGO-LIST
contains one or more algorithms to use. Each algorithm ALGO is specified by:
the algorithm type: encryption (enc), authentication (auth or auth-trunc), authenticated encryption with associated data (aead), or compression (comp)
the algorithm name ALGO-NAME (see below)
(for all except comp) the keying material ALGO-KEYMAT, which may include both a key and a salt or nonce value; refer to the corresponding RFC
(for auth-trunc only) the truncation length ALGO-TRUNC-LEN in bits
(for aead only) the Integrity Check Value length ALGO-ICV-LEN in bits
 
Encryption algorithms include ecb(cipher_null), cbc(des), cbc(des3_ede), cbc(cast5), cbc(blowfish), cbc(aes), cbc(serpent), cbc(camellia), cbc(twofish), and rfc3686(ctr(aes)).
 
Authentication algorithms include digest_null, hmac(md5), hmac(sha1), hmac(sha256), hmac(sha384), hmac(sha512), hmac(rmd160), and xcbc(aes).
 
Authenticated encryption with associated data (AEAD) algorithms include rfc4106(gcm(aes)), rfc4309(ccm(aes)), and rfc4543(gcm(aes)).
 
Compression algorithms include deflate, lzs, and lzjh.
 
MODE
specifies a mode of operation for the transform protocol. IPsec and IP Payload Compression modes are transport, tunnel, and (for IPsec ESP only) Bound End-to-End Tunnel (beet). Mobile IPv6 modes are route optimization (ro) and inbound trigger (in_trigger).
 
FLAG-LIST
contains one or more of the following optional flags: noecn, decap-dscp, nopmtudisc, wildrecv, icmp, af-unspec, align4, or esn.
 
SELECTOR
selects the traffic that will be controlled by the policy, based on the source address, the destination address, the network device, and/or UPSPEC.
 
UPSPEC
selects traffic by protocol. For the tcp, udp, sctp, or dccp protocols, the source and destination port can optionally be specified. For the icmp, ipv6-icmp, or mobility-header protocols, the type and code numbers can optionally be specified. For the gre protocol, the key can optionally be specified as a dotted-quad or number. Other protocols can be selected by name or number PROTO.
 
LIMIT-LIST
sets limits in seconds, bytes, or numbers of packets.
 
ENCAP
encapsulates packets with protocol espinudp or espinudp-nonike, using source port SPORT, destination port DPORT , and original address OADDR.
 
 
ip xfrm policy add add a new policy
ip xfrm policy update update an existing policy
ip xfrm policy delete delete an existing policy
ip xfrm policy get get an existing policy
ip xfrm policy deleteall delete all existing xfrm policies
ip xfrm policy list print out the list of xfrm policies
ip xfrm policy flush flush policies
 
SELECTOR
selects the traffic that will be controlled by the policy, based on the source address, the destination address, the network device, and/or UPSPEC.
 
UPSPEC
selects traffic by protocol. For the tcp, udp, sctp, or dccp protocols, the source and destination port can optionally be specified. For the icmp, ipv6-icmp, or mobility-header protocols, the type and code numbers can optionally be specified. For the gre protocol, the key can optionally be specified as a dotted-quad or number. Other protocols can be selected by name or number PROTO.
 
DIR
selects the policy direction as in, out, or fwd.
 
CTX
sets the security context.
 
PTYPE
can be main (default) or sub.
 
ACTION
can be allow (default) or block.
 
PRIORITY
is a number that defaults to zero.
 
FLAG-LIST
contains one or both of the following optional flags: local or icmp.
 
LIMIT-LIST
sets limits in seconds, bytes, or numbers of packets.
 
TMPL-LIST
is a template list specified using ID, MODE, REQID, and/or LEVEL.
 
ID
is specified by a source address, destination address, transform protocol XFRM-PROTO, and/or Security Parameter Index SPI. (For IP Payload Compression, the Compression Parameter Index or CPI is used for SPI.)
 
XFRM-PROTO
specifies a transform protocol: IPsec Encapsulating Security Payload (esp), IPsec Authentication Header (ah), IP Payload Compression (comp), Mobile IPv6 Type 2 Routing Header (route2), or Mobile IPv6 Home Address Option (hao).
 
MODE
specifies a mode of operation for the transform protocol. IPsec and IP Payload Compression modes are transport, tunnel, and (for IPsec ESP only) Bound End-to-End Tunnel (beet). Mobile IPv6 modes are route optimization (ro) and inbound trigger (in_trigger).
 
LEVEL
can be required (default) or use.
 
 
ip xfrm policy count count existing policies
 
Use one or more -s options to display more details, including policy hash table information.
 
 
ip xfrm policy set configure the policy hash table
 
Security policies whose address prefix lengths are greater than or equal policy hash table thresholds are hashed. Others are stored in the policy_inexact chained list.
 
LBITS
specifies the minimum local address prefix length of policies that are stored in the Security Policy Database hash table.
 
RBITS
specifies the minimum remote address prefix length of policies that are stored in the Security Policy Database hash table.
 
 
ip xfrm monitor state monitoring for xfrm objects
 
The xfrm objects to monitor can be optionally specified.
 
If the all-nsid option is set, the program listens to all network namespaces that have a nsid assigned into the network namespace were the program is running. A prefix is displayed to show the network namespace where the message originates. Example:
 

[nsid 1]Flushed state proto 0
 
 

AUTHOR

Manpage revised by David Ward <david.ward@ll.mit.edu>
 
Manpage revised by Christophe Gouault <christophe.gouault@6wind.com>
 
Manpage revised by Nicolas Dichtel <nicolas.dichtel@6wind.com>
20 Dec 2011 iproute2