|NCAT(1)||Ncat Reference Guide||NCAT(1)|
ncat [OPTIONS...] [hostname] [port]
Ncat 7.70 ( https://nmap.org/ncat ) Usage: ncat [options] [hostname] [port] Options taking a time assume seconds. Append 'ms' for milliseconds, 's' for seconds, 'm' for minutes, or 'h' for hours (e.g. 500ms). -4 Use IPv4 only -6 Use IPv6 only -U, --unixsock Use Unix domain sockets only -C, --crlf Use CRLF for EOL sequence -c, --sh-exec <command> Executes the given command via /bin/sh -e, --exec <command> Executes the given command --lua-exec <filename> Executes the given Lua script -g hop1[,hop2,...] Loose source routing hop points (8 max) -G <n> Loose source routing hop pointer (4, 8, 12, ...) -m, --max-conns <n> Maximum <n> simultaneous connections -h, --help Display this help screen -d, --delay <time> Wait between read/writes -o, --output <filename> Dump session data to a file -x, --hex-dump <filename> Dump session data as hex to a file -i, --idle-timeout <time> Idle read/write timeout -p, --source-port port Specify source port to use -s, --source addr Specify source address to use (doesn't affect -l) -l, --listen Bind and listen for incoming connections -k, --keep-open Accept multiple connections in listen mode -n, --nodns Do not resolve hostnames via DNS -t, --telnet Answer Telnet negotiations -u, --udp Use UDP instead of default TCP --sctp Use SCTP instead of default TCP -v, --verbose Set verbosity level (can be used several times) -w, --wait <time> Connect timeout -z Zero-I/O mode, report connection status only --append-output Append rather than clobber specified output files --send-only Only send data, ignoring received; quit on EOF --recv-only Only receive data, never send anything --allow Allow only given hosts to connect to Ncat --allowfile A file of hosts allowed to connect to Ncat --deny Deny given hosts from connecting to Ncat --denyfile A file of hosts denied from connecting to Ncat --broker Enable Ncat's connection brokering mode --chat Start a simple Ncat chat server --proxy <addr[:port]> Specify address of host to proxy through --proxy-type <type> Specify proxy type ("http" or "socks4" or "socks5") --proxy-auth <auth> Authenticate with HTTP or SOCKS proxy server --ssl Connect or listen with SSL --ssl-cert Specify SSL certificate file (PEM) for listening --ssl-key Specify SSL private key (PEM) for listening --ssl-verify Verify trust and domain name of certificates --ssl-trustfile PEM file containing trusted SSL certificates --ssl-ciphers Cipherlist containing SSL ciphers to use --ssl-alpn ALPN protocol list to use. --version Display Ncat's version information and exit See the ncat(1) manpage for full options, descriptions and usage examples
Force the use of IPv4 only.-6 (IPv6 only)
Force the use of IPv6 only.-U, --unixsock (Use Unix domain sockets)
Use Unix domain sockets rather than network sockets. This option may be used on its own for stream sockets, or combined with --udp for datagram sockets. A description of -U mode is in the section called “UNIX DOMAIN SOCKETS”.-u, --udp (Use UDP)
Use UDP for the connection (the default is TCP).--sctp (Use SCTP)
Use SCTP for the connection (the default is TCP). SCTP support is implemented in TCP-compatible mode.
Sets hops for IPv4 loose source routing. You can use -g once with a comma-separated list of hops, use -g multiple times with single hops to build the list, or combine the two. Hops can be given as IP addresses or hostnames.-G ptr (Set source routing pointer)
Sets the IPv4 source route “pointer” for use with -g. The argument must be a multiple of 4 and no more than 28. Not all operating systems support setting this pointer to anything other than four.-p port, --source-port port (Specify source port)
Set the port number for Ncat to bind to.-s host, --source host (Specify source address)
Set the address for Ncat to bind to.
Listen for connections rather than connecting to a remote machine-m numconns, --max-conns numconns (Specify maximum number of connections)
The maximum number of simultaneous connections accepted by an Ncat instance. 100 is the default (60 on Windows).-k, --keep-open (Accept multiple connections)
Normally a listening server accepts only one connection and then quits when the connection is closed. This option makes it accept multiple simultaneous connections and wait for more connections after they have all been closed. It must be combined with --listen. In this mode there is no way for Ncat to know when its network input is finished, so it will keep running until interrupted. This also means that it will never close its output stream, so any program reading from Ncat and looking for end-of-file will also hang.--broker (Connection brokering)
Allow multiple parties to connect to a centralised Ncat server and communicate with each other. Ncat can broker communication between systems that are behind a NAT or otherwise unable to directly connect. This option is used in conjunction with --listen, which causes the --listen port to have broker mode enabled.--chat (Ad-hoc “chat server”)
The --chat option enables chat mode, intended for the exchange of text between several users. In chat mode, connection brokering is turned on. Ncat prefixes each message received with an ID before relaying it to the other connections. The ID is unique for each connected client. This helps distinguish who sent what. Additionally, non-printing characters such as control characters are escaped to keep them from doing damage to a terminal.
In connect mode, this option transparently negotiates an SSL session with an SSL server to securely encrypt the connection. This is particularly handy for talking to SSL enabled HTTP servers, etc.In server mode, this option listens for incoming SSL connections, rather than plain untunneled traffic.In UDP connect mode, this option enables Datagram TLS (DTLS). This is not supported in server mode.--ssl-verify (Verify server certificates)
In client mode, --ssl-verify is like --ssl except that it also requires verification of the server certificate. Ncat comes with a default set of trusted certificates in the file ca-bundle.crt. Some operating systems provide a default list of trusted certificates; these will also be used if available. Use --ssl-trustfile to give a custom list. Use -v one or more times to get details about verification failures. Ncat does not check for revoked certificates.This option has no effect in server mode.--ssl-cert certfile.pem (Specify SSL certificate)
This option gives the location of a PEM-encoded certificate files used to authenticate the server (in listen mode) or the client (in connect mode). Use it in combination with --ssl-key.--ssl-key keyfile.pem (Specify SSL private key)
This option gives the location of the PEM-encoded private key file that goes with the certificate named with --ssl-cert.--ssl-trustfile cert.pem (List trusted certificates)
This option sets a list of certificates that are trusted for purposes of certificate verification. It has no effect unless combined with --ssl-verify. The argument to this option is the name of a PEM file containing trusted certificates. Typically, the file will contain certificates of certification authorities, though it may also contain server certificates directly. When this option is used, Ncat does not use its default certificates.--ssl-ciphers cipherlist (Specify SSL ciphersuites)
This option sets the list of ciphersuites that Ncat will use when connecting to servers or when accepting SSL connections from clients. The syntax is described in the OpenSSL ciphers(1) man page, and defaults to ALL:!aNULL:!eNULL:!LOW:!EXP:!RC4:!MD5:@STRENGTH--ssl-alpn ALPN list (Specify ALPN protocol list)
This option allows you to specify a comma-separated list of protocols to send via the Application-Layer Protocol Negotiation (ALPN) TLS extension. Not supported by all versions of OpenSSL.
Requests proxying through host:port, using the protocol specified by --proxy-type.If no port is specified, the proxy protocol's well-known port is used (1080 for SOCKS and 3128 for HTTP). However, when specifying an IPv6 HTTP proxy server using the IP address rather than the hostname, the port number MUST be specified as well. If the proxy requires authentication, use --proxy-auth.--proxy-type proto (Specify proxy protocol)
In connect mode, this option requests the protocol proto to connect through the proxy host specified by --proxy. In listen mode, this option has Ncat act as a proxy server using the specified protocol.The currently available protocols in connect mode are http (CONNECT), socks4 (SOCKSv4), and socks5 (SOCKSv5). The only server currently supported is http. If this option is not used, the default protocol is http.--proxy-auth user[:pass] (Specify proxy credentials)
In connect mode, gives the credentials that will be used to connect to the proxy server. In listen mode, gives the credentials that will be required of connecting clients. For use with --proxy-type http or --proxy-type socks5, the form should be username:password. For --proxy-type socks4, it should be a username only.
Execute the specified command after a connection has been established. The command must be specified as a full pathname. All input from the remote client will be sent to the application and responses sent back to the remote client over the socket, thus making your command-line application interactive over a socket. Combined with --keep-open, Ncat will handle multiple simultaneous connections to your specified port/application like inetd. Ncat will only accept a maximum, definable, number of simultaneous connections controlled by the -m option. By default this is set to 100 (60 on Windows).-c command, --sh-exec command (Execute command via sh)
Same as -e, except it tries to execute the command via /bin/sh. This means you don't have to specify the full path for the command, and shell facilities like environment variables are available.--lua-exec file (Execute a .lua script)
Runs the specified file as a Lua script after a connection has been established, using a built-in interpreter. Both the script's standard input and the standard output are redirected to the connection data streams.All exec options add the following variables to the child's environment: NCAT_REMOTE_ADDR, NCAT_REMOTE_PORT
The IP address and port number of the remote host. In connect mode, it's the target's address; in listen mode, it's the client's address.NCAT_LOCAL_ADDR, NCAT_LOCAL_PORT
The IP address and port number of the local end of the connection.NCAT_PROTO
The protocol in use: one of TCP, UDP, and SCTP.
The list of hosts specified will be the only hosts allowed to connect to the Ncat process. All other connection attempts will be disconnected. In case of a conflict between --allow and --deny, --allow takes precedence. Host specifications follow the same syntax used by Nmap.--allowfile file (Allow connections from file)
This has the same functionality as --allow, except that the allowed hosts are provided in a new-line delimited allow file, rather than directly on the command line.--deny host[,host,...] (Deny connections)
Issue Ncat with a list of hosts that will not be allowed to connect to the listening Ncat process. Specified hosts will have their session silently terminated if they try to connect. In case of a conflict between --allow and --deny, --allow takes precedence. Host specifications follow the same syntax used by Nmap.--denyfile file (Deny connections from file)
This is the same functionality as --deny, except that excluded hosts are provided in a new-line delimited deny file, rather than directly on the command line.
Set the delay interval for lines sent. This effectively limits the number of lines that Ncat will send in the specified period. This may be useful for low-bandwidth sites, or have other uses such as coping with annoying iptables --limit options.-i time, --idle-timeout time (Specify idle timeout)
Set a fixed timeout for idle connections. If the idle timeout is reached, the connection is terminated.-w time, --wait time (Specify connect timeout)
Set a fixed timeout for connection attempts.
Dump session data to a file-x file, --hex-dump file (Save session data in hex)
Dump session data in hex to a file.--append-output (Append output)
Issue Ncat with --append-ouput along with -o and/or -x and it will append the resulted output rather than truncating the specified output files.-v, --verbose (Be verbose)
Issue Ncat with -v and it will be verbose and display all kinds of useful connection based information. Use more than once ( -vv, -vvv...) for greater verbosity.
This option tells Ncat to convert LF line endings to CRLF when taking input from standard input. This is useful for talking to some stringent servers directly from a terminal in one of the many common plain-text protocols that use CRLF for end-of-line.-h, --help (Help screen)
Displays a short help screen with common options and parameters, and then exits.--recv-only (Only receive data)
If this option is passed, Ncat will only receive data and will not try to send anything.--send-only (Only send data)
If this option is passed, then Ncat will only send data and will ignore anything received. This option also causes Ncat to close the network connection and terminate after EOF is received on standard input.--no-shutdown (Do not shutdown into half-duplex mode)
If this option is passed, Ncat will not invoke shutdown on a socket aftering seeing EOF on stdin. This is provided for backward-compatibility with OpenBSD netcat, which exhibits this behavior when executed with its '-d' option.-t, --telnet (Answer Telnet negotiations)
Handle DO/DONT WILL/WONT Telnet negotiations. This makes it possible to script Telnet sessions with Ncat.--version (Display version)
Displays the Ncat version number and exits.
ncat example.org 8080Listen for connections on TCP port 8080.
ncat -l 8080Redirect TCP port 8080 on the local machine to host on port 80.
ncat --sh-exec "ncat example.org 80" -l 8080 --keep-openBind to TCP port 8081 and attach /bin/bash for the world to access freely.
ncat --exec "/bin/bash" -l 8081 --keep-openBind a shell to TCP port 8081, limit access to hosts on a local network, and limit the maximum number of simultaneous connections to 3.
ncat --exec "/bin/bash" --max-conns 3 --allow 192.168.0.0/24 -l 8081 --keep-openConnect to smtphost:25 through a SOCKS4 server on port 1080.
ncat --proxy socks4host --proxy-type socks4 --proxy-auth joe smtphost 25Connect to smtphost:25 through a SOCKS5 server on port 1080.
ncat --proxy socks5host --proxy-type socks5 --proxy-auth joe:secret smtphost 25Create an HTTP proxy server on localhost port 8888.
ncat -l --proxy-type http localhost 8888Send a file over TCP port 9899 from host2 (client) to host1 (server).
HOST1$ ncat -l 9899 > outputfileHOST2$ ncat HOST1 9899 < inputfileTransfer in the other direction, turning Ncat into a “one file” server.
HOST1$ ncat -l 9899 < inputfileHOST2$ ncat HOST1 9899 > outputfile
•Chris Gibson <firstname.lastname@example.org>
•Kris Katterjohn <email@example.com>
•Fyodor <firstname.lastname@example.org> ( http://insecure.org)The original Netcat was written by *Hobbit* <email@example.com>. While Ncat isn't built on any code from the “traditional” Netcat (or any other implementation), Ncat is most definitely based on Netcat in spirit and functionality.
- Creative Commons Attribution License
- Apache Software Foundation
- Libpcap portable packet capture library
- Npcap library
- OpenSSL cryptography toolkit