rm - remove files or directories
This manual page documents the GNU version of rm
specified file. By default, it does not remove directories.
If the -I
option is given, and there are
more than three files or the -r
, or --recursive
given, then rm
prompts the user for whether to proceed with the entire
operation. If the response is not affirmative, the entire command is aborted.
Otherwise, if a file is unwritable, standard input is a terminal, and the
option is not given, or the -i
option is given, rm
prompts the user for
whether to remove the file. If the response is not affirmative, the file is
Remove (unlink) the FILE(s).
- -f, --force
- ignore nonexistent files and arguments, never prompt
- prompt before every removal
- prompt once before removing more than three files, or when removing
recursively; less intrusive than -i, while still giving protection
against most mistakes
- prompt according to WHEN: never, once (-I), or always ( -i);
without WHEN, prompt always
- when removing a hierarchy recursively, skip any directory that is on a
file system different from that of the corresponding command line
- do not treat '/' specially
- do not remove '/' (default); with 'all', reject any command line argument
on a separate device from its parent
- -r, -R, --recursive
- remove directories and their contents recursively
- -d, --dir
- remove empty directories
- -v, --verbose
- explain what is being done
- display this help and exit
- output version information and exit
By default, rm does not remove directories. Use the --recursive
) option to remove each listed directory, too, along
with all of its contents.
To remove a file whose name starts with a '-', for example '-foo', use one of
- rm -- -foo
- rm ./-foo
Note that if you use rm to remove a file, it might be possible to recover some
of its contents, given sufficient expertise and/or time. For greater assurance
that the contents are truly unrecoverable, consider using shred.
Written by Paul Rubin, David MacKenzie, Richard M. Stallman, and Jim Meyering.
GNU coreutils online help: <https://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
Report rm translation bugs to <https://translationproject.org/team/>
Copyright © 2018 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL
version 3 or later <https://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO
WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.
unlink(1), unlink(2), chattr(1), shred(1)
Full documentation at: <https://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/rm>
or available locally via: info '(coreutils) rm invocation'