|SUDOERS.LDAP(5)||File Formats Manual||SUDOERS.LDAP(5)|
sudo LDAP configurationThe equivalent of a sudoer in LDAP is aAnother difference is that it is not possible to use negation in a sudoUser, sudoRunAsUser or sudoRunAsGroup attribute. For example, the following attributes do not behave the way one might expect.cvtsudoers(1) utility can be used to convert between file-based and LDAP sudoers. However, there are features in the file-based sudoers that have no equivalent in LDAP-based sudoers (and vice versa). These cannot be converted automatically. For example, a Cmnd_Alias in a sudoers file may be converted to aIn this example, alice and bob are allowed to run all commands, but the commands listed in PAGERS will have the noexec flag set, preventing shell escapes. When converting this to LDAP, two sudoRole objects can be used:In the LDAP version, the sudoOrder attribute is used to guarantee that the PAGERS sudoRole with noexec has precedence. Unlike the sudoers version, the LDAP version requires that all users for whom the restriction should apply be assigned to the PAGERS sudoRole. Using a Unix group or netgroup in PAGERS rather than listing each user would make this easier to maintain. Per-userIn this example, john and sally are allowed to run any command as any user or group. When converting this to LDAP, we can use a Unix group instead of the User_Alias.This assumes that users john and sally are members of the “admins” Unix group.In addition, the entryThe local sudoers file can be ignored completely by using:If the /etc/nsswitch.conf file is not present or there is no sudoers line, the following default is assumed:Note that /etc/nsswitch.conf is supported even when the underlying operating system does not use an nsswitch.conf file, except on AIX (see below).The local sudoers file can be ignored completely by using:To treat LDAP as authoritative and only use the local sudoers file if the user is not present in LDAP, use:Note that in the above example, thecvtsudoers(1), ldap.conf(5), sssd-sudo(5), sudo.conf(5), sudoers(5)
- sudo no longer needs to read sudoers in its entirety. When LDAP is used, there are only two or three LDAP queries per invocation. This makes it especially fast and particularly usable in LDAP environments.
- sudo no longer exits if there is a typo in sudoers. It is not possible to load LDAP data into the server that does not conform to the sudoers schema, so proper syntax is guaranteed. It is still possible to have typos in a user or host name, but this will not prevent sudo from running.
- It is possible to specify per-entry options that override the global default options. /etc/sudoers only supports default options and limited options associated with user/host/commands/aliases. The syntax is complicated and can be difficult for users to understand. Placing the options directly in the entry is more natural.
- The visudo program is no longer needed. visudo provides locking and syntax checking of the /etc/sudoers file. Since LDAP updates are atomic, locking is no longer necessary. Because syntax is checked when the data is inserted into LDAP, there is no need for a specialized tool to check syntax.
ou=SUDOersLDAP container. Sudo first looks for the
cn=defaultsentry in the SUDOers container. If found, the multi-valued
sudoOptionattribute is parsed in the same manner as a global
Defaultsline in /etc/sudoers. In the following example, the
SSH_AUTH_SOCKvariable will be preserved in the environment for all users.
dn: cn=defaults,ou=SUDOers,dc=my-domain,dc=com objectClass: top objectClass: sudoRole cn: defaults description: Default sudoOption's go here sudoOption: env_keep+=SSH_AUTH_SOCK
sudoRole. It consists of the following attributes:
- A user name, user ID (prefixed with
#’), Unix group name or ID (prefixed with ‘
%’ or ‘
%#’ respectively), user netgroup (prefixed with ‘
+’), or non-Unix group name or ID (prefixed with ‘
%:’ or ‘
%:#’ respectively). User netgroups are matched using the user and domain members only; the host member is not used when matching. Non-Unix group support is only available when an appropriate group_plugin is defined in the global defaults
- A host name, IP address, IP network, or host netgroup
(prefixed with a ‘
+’). The special value
ALLwill match any host. Host netgroups are matched using the host (both qualified and unqualified) and domain members only; the user member is not used when matching. If a
sudoHostentry is preceded by an exclamation point, ‘
!’, and the entry matches, the
sudoRolein which it resides will be ignored. Negated
sudoHostentries are only supported by version 1.8.18 or higher.
- A fully-qualified Unix command name with optional command
line arguments, potentially including globbing characters (aka wild
cards). If a command name is preceded by an exclamation point,
!’, the user will be prohibited from running that command. The built-in command “
sudoedit” is used to permit a user to run sudo with the -e option (or as sudoedit). It may take command line arguments just as a normal command does. Note that “
sudoedit” is a command built into sudo itself and must be specified in without a leading path. The special value
ALLwill match any command. If a command name is prefixed with a SHA-2 digest, it will only be allowed if the digest matches. This may be useful in situations where the user invoking sudo has write access to the command or its parent directory. The following digest formats are supported: sha224, sha256, sha384 and sha512. The digest name must be followed by a colon (‘
:’) and then the actual digest, in either hex or base64 format. For example, given the following value for sudoCommand:
- Identical in function to the global options described
above, but specific to the
sudoRolein which it resides.
- A user name or uid (prefixed with
#’) that commands may be run as or a Unix group (prefixed with a ‘
%’) or user netgroup (prefixed with a ‘
+’) that contains a list of users that commands may be run as. The special value
ALLwill match any user. If
sudoRunAsUseris specified but empty, it will match the invoking user. If neither
sudoRunAsGroupare present, the value of the runas_default
sudoOptionis used (defaults to
sudoRunAsUserattribute is only available in sudo versions 1.7.0 and higher. Older versions of sudo use the
- A Unix group or gid (prefixed with
#’) that commands may be run as. The special value
ALLwill match any group. The
sudoRunAsGroupattribute is only available in sudo versions 1.7.0 and higher.
- A timestamp in the form
yyyymmddHHMMSSZthat can be used to provide a start date/time for when the
sudoRolewill be valid. If multiple
sudoNotBeforeentries are present, the earliest is used. Note that timestamps must be in Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), not the local timezone. The minute and seconds portions are optional, but some LDAP servers require that they be present (contrary to the RFC). The
sudoNotBeforeattribute is only available in sudo versions 1.7.5 and higher and must be explicitly enabled via the SUDOERS_TIMED option in /etc/openldap/ldap.conf.
- A timestamp in the form
yyyymmddHHMMSSZthat indicates an expiration date/time, after which the
sudoRolewill no longer be valid. If multiple
sudoNotAfterentries are present, the last one is used. Note that timestamps must be in Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), not the local timezone. The minute and seconds portions are optional, but some LDAP servers require that they be present (contrary to the RFC). The
sudoNotAfterattribute is only available in sudo versions 1.7.5 and higher and must be explicitly enabled via the SUDOERS_TIMED option in /etc/openldap/ldap.conf.
sudoRoleentries retrieved from the LDAP directory have no inherent order. The
sudoOrderattribute is an integer (or floating point value for LDAP servers that support it) that is used to sort the matching entries. This allows LDAP-based sudoers entries to more closely mimic the behavior of the sudoers file, where the order of the entries influences the result. If multiple entries match, the entry with the highest
sudoOrderattribute is chosen. This corresponds to the “last match” behavior of the sudoers file. If the
sudoOrderattribute is not present, a value of 0 is assumed. The
sudoOrderattribute is only available in sudo versions 1.7.5 and higher.
sudoRolemust contain at least one
sudoCommand. The following example allows users in group wheel to run any command on any host via sudo:
dn: cn=%wheel,ou=SUDOers,dc=my-domain,dc=com objectClass: top objectClass: sudoRole cn: %wheel sudoUser: %wheel sudoHost: ALL sudoCommand: ALL
ALLtag is matched in this query too.) If no match is returned for the user's name and groups, a third query returns all entries containing user netgroups and other non-Unix groups and checks to see if the user belongs to any of them. If timed entries are enabled with the SUDOERS_TIMED configuration directive, the LDAP queries include a sub-filter that limits retrieval to entries that satisfy the time constraints, if any. If the NETGROUP_BASE configuration directive is present (see Configuring ldap.conf below), queries are performed to determine the list of netgroups the user belongs to before the sudoers query. This makes it possible to include netgroups in the sudoers query string in the same manner as Unix groups. The third query mentioned above is not performed unless a group provider plugin is also configured. The actual LDAP queries performed by sudo are as follows:
- Match all
nisNetgrouprecords with a
nisNetgroupTriplecontaining the user, host and NIS domain. The query will match
nisNetgroupTripleentries with either the short or long form of the host name or no host name specified in the tuple. If the NIS domain is set, the query will match only match entries that include the domain or for which there is no domain present. If the NIS domain is not set, a wildcard is used to match any domain name but be aware that the NIS schema used by some LDAP servers may not support wild cards for
- Repeated queries are performed to find any nested
nisNetgrouprecords with a
memberNisNetgroupentry that refers to an already-matched record.
sudoOrderattribute, but there is no way to guarantee the order of attributes within a specific entry. If there are conflicting command rules in an entry, the negative takes precedence. This is called paranoid behavior (not necessarily the most specific match). Here is an example:
# /etc/sudoers: # Allow all commands except shell johnny ALL=(root) ALL,!/bin/sh # Always allows all commands because ALL is matched last puddles ALL=(root) !/bin/sh,ALL # LDAP equivalent of johnny # Allows all commands except shell dn: cn=role1,ou=Sudoers,dc=my-domain,dc=com objectClass: sudoRole objectClass: top cn: role1 sudoUser: johnny sudoHost: ALL sudoCommand: ALL sudoCommand: !/bin/sh # LDAP equivalent of puddles # Notice that even though ALL comes last, it still behaves like # role1 since the LDAP code assumes the more paranoid configuration dn: cn=role2,ou=Sudoers,dc=my-domain,dc=com objectClass: sudoRole objectClass: top cn: role2 sudoUser: puddles sudoHost: ALL sudoCommand: !/bin/sh sudoCommand: ALL
# does not match all but joe # rather, does not match anyone sudoUser: !joe # does not match all but joe # rather, matches everyone including Joe sudoUser: ALL sudoUser: !joe
sudoRolethat contains multiple commands. Multiple users and/or groups may be assigned to the
sudoRole. Also, host, user, runas and command-based
Defaultsentries are not supported. However, a
sudoRolemay contain one or more
sudoOptionattributes which can often serve the same purpose. Consider the following sudoers lines:
Cmnd_Alias PAGERS = /usr/bin/more, /usr/bin/pg, /usr/bin/less Defaults!PAGERS noexec alice, bob ALL = ALL
dn: cn=PAGERS,ou=SUDOers,dc=my-domain,dc=com objectClass: top objectClass: sudoRole cn: PAGERS sudoUser: alice sudoUser: bob sudoHost: ALL sudoCommand: /usr/bin/more sudoCommand: /usr/bin/pg sudoCommand: /usr/bin/less sudoOption: noexec sudoOrder: 900 dn: cn=ADMINS,ou=SUDOers,dc=my-domain,dc=com objectClass: top objectClass: sudoRole cn: ADMINS sudoUser: alice sudoUser: bob sudoHost: ALL sudoCommand: ALL sudoOrder: 100
Defaultsentries can be emulated by using one or more sudoOption attributes in a sudoRole. Consider the following sudoers lines:
User_Alias ADMINS = john, sally Defaults:ADMINS !authenticate ADMINS ALL = (ALL:ALL) ALL
dn: cn=admins,ou=SUDOers,dc=my-domain,dc=com objectClass: top objectClass: sudoRole cn: admins sudoUser: %admin sudoHost: ALL sudoRunAsUser: ALL sudoRunAsGroup: ALL sudoCommand: ALL sudoOption: !authenticate
sudoUserattribute. Three versions of the schema: one for OpenLDAP servers (schema.OpenLDAP), one for Netscape-derived servers (schema.iPlanet), and one for Microsoft Active Directory (schema.ActiveDirectory) may be found in the sudo distribution. The schema for sudo in OpenLDAP form is also included in the EXAMPLES section. ldap.conf(5) manual. The path to ldap.conf may be overridden via the ldap_conf plugin argument in sudo.conf(5). Also note that on systems using the OpenLDAP libraries, default values specified in /etc/openldap/ldap.conf or the user's .ldaprc files are not used. Only those options explicitly listed in /etc/openldap/ldap.conf as being supported by sudo are honored. Configuration options are listed below in upper case but are parsed in a case-independent manner. Lines beginning with a pound sign (‘
#’) are ignored. Leading white space is removed from the beginning of lines.
- BIND_TIMELIMIT seconds
- The BIND_TIMELIMIT parameter specifies the amount of time, in seconds, to wait while trying to connect to an LDAP server. If multiple URIs or HOSTs are specified, this is the amount of time to wait before trying the next one in the list.
- BINDDN DN
- The BINDDN parameter specifies the identity, in the form of a Distinguished Name (DN), to use when performing LDAP operations. If not specified, LDAP operations are performed with an anonymous identity. By default, most LDAP servers will allow anonymous access.
- BINDPW secret
- The BINDPW parameter specifies
the password to use when performing LDAP operations. This is typically
used in conjunction with the BINDDN
parameter. The secret may be a plain text
password or a base64-encoded string with a “base64:” prefix.
#’) and the escaping of special characters with a backslash (‘
\’) is not supported.
- DEREF never/searching/finding/always
- How alias dereferencing is to be performed when searching. See the ldap.conf(5) manual for a full description of this option.
- HOST name[:port] ...
- If no URI is specified (see
below), the HOST parameter specifies a white
space-delimited list of LDAP servers to connect to. Each host may include
an optional port separated by a colon
:’). The HOST parameter is deprecated in favor of the URI specification and is included for backwards compatibility only.
- KRB5_CCNAME file name
- The path to the Kerberos 5 credential cache to use when authenticating with the remote server. This option is only relevant when using SASL authentication (see below).
- LDAP_VERSION number
- The version of the LDAP protocol to use when connecting to the server. The default value is protocol version 3.
- NETGROUP_BASE base
- The base DN to use when performing LDAP netgroup queries.
Typically this is of the form
ou=netgroup,dc=my-domain,dc=comfor the domain
my-domain.com. Multiple NETGROUP_BASE lines may be specified, in which case they are queried in the order specified. This option can be used to query a user's netgroups directly via LDAP which is usually faster than fetching every
sudoRoleobject containing a
sudoUserthat begins with a ‘
+’ prefix. The NIS schema used by some LDAP servers need a modification to support querying the
nisNetgroupobject by its
nisNetgroupTriplemember. OpenLDAP's slapd requires the following change to the
attributetype ( 126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52 NAME 'nisNetgroupTriple' DESC 'Netgroup triple' EQUALITY caseIgnoreIA5Match SUBSTR caseIgnoreIA5SubstringsMatch SYNTAX 184.108.40.206.4.1.14220.127.116.11.26 )
- NETGROUP_SEARCH_FILTER ldap_filter
- An LDAP filter which is used to restrict the set of records
returned when performing an LDAP netgroup query. Typically, this is of the
(&(attribute=value)(attribute2=value2)). The default search filter is:
objectClass=nisNetgroup. If ldap_filter is omitted, no search filter will be used. This option is only when querying netgroups directly via LDAP.
- NETWORK_TIMEOUT seconds
- An alias for BIND_TIMELIMIT provided for OpenLDAP compatibility.
- PORT port_number
- If no URI is specified, the PORT parameter specifies the default port to connect to on the LDAP server if a HOST parameter does not specify the port itself. If no PORT parameter is used, the default is port 389 for LDAP and port 636 for LDAP over TLS (SSL). The PORT parameter is deprecated in favor of the URI specification and is included for backwards compatibility only.
- ROOTBINDDN DN
- The ROOTBINDDN parameter specifies the identity, in the form of a Distinguished Name (DN), to use when performing privileged LDAP operations, such as sudoers queries. The password corresponding to the identity should be stored in the or the path specified by the ldap_secret plugin argument in sudo.conf(5), which defaults to /etc/ldap.secret. If no ROOTBINDDN is specified, the BINDDN identity is used (if any).
- ROOTUSE_SASL on/true/yes/off/false/no
- Enable ROOTUSE_SASL to enable SASL authentication when connecting to an LDAP server from a privileged process, such as sudo.
- SASL_AUTH_ID identity
- The SASL user name to use when connecting to the LDAP server. By default, sudo will use an anonymous connection. This option is only relevant when using SASL authentication.
- SASL_MECH mechanisms
- A white space-delimited list of SASL authentication
mechanisms to use. By default, sudo will use
- SASL_SECPROPS none/properties
- SASL security properties or none for no properties. See the SASL programmer's manual for details. This option is only relevant when using SASL authentication.
- SSL on/true/yes/off/false/no
- If the SSL parameter is set to
yes, TLS (SSL) encryption is always used when communicating with the LDAP server. Typically, this involves connecting to the server on port 636 (ldaps).
- SSL start_tls
- If the SSL parameter is set to
start_tls, the LDAP server connection is initiated normally and TLS encryption is begun before the bind credentials are sent. This has the advantage of not requiring a dedicated port for encrypted communications. This parameter is only supported by LDAP servers that honor the start_tls extension, such as the OpenLDAP and Tivoli Directory servers.
- SUDOERS_BASE base
- The base DN to use when performing
sudo LDAP queries. Typically this is of the
ou=SUDOers,dc=my-domain,dc=comfor the domain
my-domain.com. Multiple SUDOERS_BASE lines may be specified, in which case they are queried in the order specified.
- SUDOERS_DEBUG debug_level
- This sets the debug level for sudo LDAP queries. Debugging information is printed to the standard error. A value of 1 results in a moderate amount of debugging information. A value of 2 shows the results of the matches themselves. This parameter should not be set in a production environment as the extra information is likely to confuse users. The SUDOERS_DEBUG parameter is deprecated and will be removed in a future release. The same information is now logged via the sudo debugging framework using the “ldap” subsystem at priorities diag and info for debug_level values 1 and 2 respectively. See the sudo.conf(5) manual for details on how to configure sudo debugging.
- SUDOERS_SEARCH_FILTER ldap_filter
- An LDAP filter which is used to restrict the set of records
returned when performing a sudo LDAP query.
Typically, this is of the form
(&(attribute=value)(attribute2=value2)). The default search filter is:
objectClass=sudoRole. If ldap_filter is omitted, no search filter will be used.
- SUDOERS_TIMED on/true/yes/off/false/no
- Whether or not to evaluate the
sudoNotAfterattributes that implement time-dependent sudoers entries.
- TIMELIMIT seconds
- The TIMELIMIT parameter specifies the amount of time, in seconds, to wait for a response to an LDAP query.
- TIMEOUT seconds
- The TIMEOUT parameter specifies the amount of time, in seconds, to wait for a response from the various LDAP APIs.
- TLS_CACERT file name
- An alias for TLS_CACERTFILE for OpenLDAP compatibility.
- TLS_CACERTFILE file name
- The path to a certificate authority bundle which contains the certificates for all the Certificate Authorities the client knows to be valid, e.g. /etc/ssl/ca-bundle.pem. This option is only supported by the OpenLDAP libraries. Netscape-derived LDAP libraries use the same certificate database for CA and client certificates (see TLS_CERT).
- TLS_CACERTDIR directory
- Similar to TLS_CACERTFILE but instead of a file, it is a directory containing individual Certificate Authority certificates, e.g. /etc/ssl/certs. The directory specified by TLS_CACERTDIR is checked after TLS_CACERTFILE. This option is only supported by the OpenLDAP libraries.
- TLS_CERT file name
- The path to a file containing the client certificate which can be used to authenticate the client to the LDAP server. The certificate type depends on the LDAP libraries used.
- TLS_CHECKPEER on/true/yes/off/false/no
- If enabled, TLS_CHECKPEER will cause the LDAP server's TLS certificated to be verified. If the server's TLS certificate cannot be verified (usually because it is signed by an unknown certificate authority), sudo will be unable to connect to it. If TLS_CHECKPEER is disabled, no check is made. Note that disabling the check creates an opportunity for man-in-the-middle attacks since the server's identity will not be authenticated. If possible, the CA's certificate should be installed locally so it can be verified. This option is not supported by the Tivoli Directory Server LDAP libraries.
- TLS_KEY file name
- The path to a file containing the private key which matches the certificate specified by TLS_CERT. The private key must not be password-protected. The key type depends on the LDAP libraries used.
- TLS_CIPHERS cipher list
- The TLS_CIPHERS parameter allows the administer to restrict which encryption algorithms may be used for TLS (SSL) connections. See the OpenLDAP or Tivoli Directory Server manual for a list of valid ciphers. This option is not supported by Netscape-derived libraries.
- TLS_KEYPW secret
- The TLS_KEYPW contains the
password used to decrypt the key database on clients using the Tivoli
Directory Server LDAP library. The secret
may be a plain text password or a base64-encoded string with a
“base64:” prefix. For example:
#’) and the escaping of special characters with a backslash (‘
\’) is not supported. If this option is used, /etc/openldap/ldap.conf must not be world-readable to avoid exposing the password. Alternately, a stash file can be used to store the password in encrypted form (see below). If no TLS_KEYPW is specified, a stash file will be used if it exists. The stash file must have the same path as the file specified by TLS_KEY, but use a
.sthfile extension instead of
ldapkey.sth. The default
ldapkey.kdbthat ships with Tivoli Directory Server is encrypted with the password
ssl_password. The gsk8capicmd utility can be used to manage the key database and create a stash file. This option is only supported by the Tivoli LDAP libraries.
- TLS_RANDFILE file name
- The TLS_RANDFILE parameter specifies the path to an entropy source for systems that lack a random device. It is generally used in conjunction with prngd or egd. This option is only supported by the OpenLDAP libraries.
- URI ldap[s]://[hostname[:port]] ...
- Specifies a white space-delimited list of one or more URIs
describing the LDAP server(s) to connect to. The
protocol may be either
ldap ldaps, the
latter being for servers that support TLS (SSL) encryption. If no
port is specified, the default is port 389
ldap://or port 636 for
ldaps://. If no hostname is specified, sudo will connect to localhost. Multiple URI lines are treated identically to a URI line containing multiple entries. Only systems using the OpenSSL libraries support the mixing of
ldaps://URIs. Both the Netscape-derived and Tivoli LDAP libraries used on most commercial versions of Unix are only capable of supporting one or the other.
- USE_SASL on/true/yes/off/false/no
- Enable USE_SASL for LDAP servers that support SASL authentication.
- ROOTSASL_AUTH_ID identity
- The SASL user name to use when ROOTUSE_SASL is enabled.
sudoers: and uses this to determine the search order. Note that sudo does not stop searching after the first match and later matches take precedence over earlier ones. The following sources are recognized:
- read sudoers from /etc/sudoers
- read sudoers from LDAP
[NOTFOUND=return]will short-circuit the search if the user was not found in the preceding source. To consult LDAP first followed by the local sudoers file (if it exists), use:
sudoers: ldap files
sudoers = ldap, files
sudoers = ldap
sudoers = ldap = auth, files
authqualifier only affects user lookups; both LDAP and sudoers will be queried for
Defaultsentries. If the /etc/netsvc.conf file is not present or there is no sudoers line, the following default is assumed:
sudoers = files
ldapfor the sudoers entry in /etc/nsswitch.conf. Note that the /etc/openldap/ldap.conf file is not used by the SSSD sudo back end. Please see sssd-sudo(5) for more information on configuring sudo to work with SSSD.
- LDAP configuration file
- determines sudoers source order
- determines sudoers source order on AIX
# Either specify one or more URIs or one or more host:port pairs. # If neither is specified sudo will default to localhost, port 389. # #host ldapserver #host ldapserver1 ldapserver2:390 # # Default port if host is specified without one, defaults to 389. #port 389 # # URI will override the host and port settings. uri ldap://ldapserver #uri ldaps://secureldapserver #uri ldaps://secureldapserver ldap://ldapserver # # The amount of time, in seconds, to wait while trying to connect to # an LDAP server. bind_timelimit 30 # # The amount of time, in seconds, to wait while performing an LDAP query. timelimit 30 # # Must be set or sudo will ignore LDAP; may be specified multiple times. sudoers_base ou=SUDOers,dc=my-domain,dc=com # # verbose sudoers matching from ldap #sudoers_debug 2 # # Enable support for time-based entries in sudoers. #sudoers_timed yes # # optional proxy credentials #binddn <who to search as> #bindpw <password> #rootbinddn <who to search as, uses /etc/ldap.secret for bindpw> # # LDAP protocol version, defaults to 3 #ldap_version 3 # # Define if you want to use an encrypted LDAP connection. # Typically, you must also set the port to 636 (ldaps). #ssl on # # Define if you want to use port 389 and switch to # encryption before the bind credentials are sent. # Only supported by LDAP servers that support the start_tls # extension such as OpenLDAP. #ssl start_tls # # Additional TLS options follow that allow tweaking of the # SSL/TLS connection. # #tls_checkpeer yes # verify server SSL certificate #tls_checkpeer no # ignore server SSL certificate # # If you enable tls_checkpeer, specify either tls_cacertfile # or tls_cacertdir. Only supported when using OpenLDAP. # #tls_cacertfile /etc/certs/trusted_signers.pem #tls_cacertdir /etc/certs # # For systems that don't have /dev/random # use this along with PRNGD or EGD.pl to seed the # random number pool to generate cryptographic session keys. # Only supported when using OpenLDAP. # #tls_randfile /etc/egd-pool # # You may restrict which ciphers are used. Consult your SSL # documentation for which options go here. # Only supported when using OpenLDAP. # #tls_ciphers <cipher-list> # # Sudo can provide a client certificate when communicating to # the LDAP server. # Tips: # * Enable both lines at the same time. # * Do not password protect the key file. # * Ensure the keyfile is only readable by root. # # For OpenLDAP: #tls_cert /etc/certs/client_cert.pem #tls_key /etc/certs/client_key.pem # # For SunONE or iPlanet LDAP, tls_cert and tls_key may specify either # a directory, in which case the files in the directory must have the # default names (e.g. cert8.db and key4.db), or the path to the cert # and key files themselves. However, a bug in version 5.0 of the LDAP # SDK will prevent specific file names from working. For this reason # it is suggested that tls_cert and tls_key be set to a directory, # not a file name. # # The certificate database specified by tls_cert may contain CA certs # and/or the client's cert. If the client's cert is included, tls_key # should be specified as well. # For backward compatibility, "sslpath" may be used in place of tls_cert. #tls_cert /var/ldap #tls_key /var/ldap # # If using SASL authentication for LDAP (OpenSSL) # use_sasl yes # sasl_auth_id <SASL user name> # rootuse_sasl yes # rootsasl_auth_id <SASL user name for root access> # sasl_secprops none # krb5_ccname /etc/.ldapcache
includeline in slapd.conf and restart slapd.
attributetype ( 18.104.22.168.4.1.15922.214.171.124 NAME 'sudoUser' DESC 'User(s) who may run sudo' EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match SUBSTR caseExactIA5SubstringsMatch SYNTAX 126.96.36.199.4.1.14188.8.131.52.26 ) attributetype ( 184.108.40.206.4.1.159220.127.116.11 NAME 'sudoHost' DESC 'Host(s) who may run sudo' EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match SUBSTR caseExactIA5SubstringsMatch SYNTAX 18.104.22.168.4.1.1422.214.171.124.26 ) attributetype ( 126.96.36.199.4.1.159188.8.131.52 NAME 'sudoCommand' DESC 'Command(s) to be executed by sudo' EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match SYNTAX 184.108.40.206.4.1.14220.127.116.11.26 ) attributetype ( 18.104.22.168.4.1.15922.214.171.124 NAME 'sudoRunAs' DESC 'User(s) impersonated by sudo' EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match SYNTAX 126.96.36.199.4.1.14188.8.131.52.26 ) attributetype ( 184.108.40.206.4.1.159220.127.116.11 NAME 'sudoOption' DESC 'Options(s) followed by sudo' EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match SYNTAX 18.104.22.168.4.1.1422.214.171.124.26 ) attributetype ( 126.96.36.199.4.1.159188.8.131.52 NAME 'sudoRunAsUser' DESC 'User(s) impersonated by sudo' EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match SYNTAX 184.108.40.206.4.1.14220.127.116.11.26 ) attributetype ( 18.104.22.168.4.1.15922.214.171.124 NAME 'sudoRunAsGroup' DESC 'Group(s) impersonated by sudo' EQUALITY caseExactIA5Match SYNTAX 126.96.36.199.4.1.14188.8.131.52.26 ) attributetype ( 184.108.40.206.4.1.159220.127.116.11 NAME 'sudoNotBefore' DESC 'Start of time interval for which the entry is valid' EQUALITY generalizedTimeMatch ORDERING generalizedTimeOrderingMatch SYNTAX 18.104.22.168.4.1.1422.214.171.124.24 ) attributetype ( 126.96.36.199.4.1.159188.8.131.52 NAME 'sudoNotAfter' DESC 'End of time interval for which the entry is valid' EQUALITY generalizedTimeMatch ORDERING generalizedTimeOrderingMatch SYNTAX 184.108.40.206.4.1.14220.127.116.11.24 ) attributeTypes ( 18.104.22.168.4.1.15922.214.171.124 NAME 'sudoOrder' DESC 'an integer to order the sudoRole entries' EQUALITY integerMatch ORDERING integerOrderingMatch SYNTAX 126.96.36.199.4.1.14188.8.131.52.27 ) objectclass ( 184.108.40.206.4.1.159220.127.116.11 NAME 'sudoRole' SUP top STRUCTURAL DESC 'Sudoer Entries' MUST ( cn ) MAY ( sudoUser $ sudoHost $ sudoCommand $ sudoRunAs $ sudoRunAsUser $ sudoRunAsGroup $ sudoOption $ sudoNotBefore $ sudoNotAfter $ sudoOrder $ description ) )
Todd C. MillerSee the CONTRIBUTORS file in the sudo distribution (https://www.sudo.ws/contributors.html) for an exhaustive list of people who have contributed to sudo. Differences between LDAP and non-LDAP sudoers section for more information.
|March 29, 2018||Sudo 1.8.23|