This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux
implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux
manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be
implemented on Linux.
ceil, ceilf, ceill — ceiling value function
double ceil(double x);
float ceilf(float x);
long double ceill(long double x);
The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the
ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here
and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of
POSIX.1‐2008 defers to the ISO C standard.
These functions shall compute the smallest integral value not less
The result shall have the same sign as x.
Upon successful completion, ceil(), ceilf(), and
ceill() shall return the smallest integral value not less than
x, expressed as a type double, float, or long
If x is NaN, a NaN shall be returned.
If x is ±0 or ±Inf, x shall be
No errors are defined.
The following sections are informative.
The integral value returned by these functions need not be expressible as an
intmax_t. The return value should be tested before assigning it to an
integer type to avoid the undefined results of an integer overflow.
These functions may raise the inexact floating-point exception if
the result differs in value from the argument.
The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2008, Section
4.19, Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions,
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE
Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable
Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue
7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics
Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. (This is POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013
Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the event of any discrepancy between this
version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE
and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can
be obtained online at http://www.unix.org/online.html .
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