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FLATPAK(1) flatpak FLATPAK(1)

flatpak - Build, install and run applications and runtimes

flatpak [OPTION...] {COMMAND}

Flatpak is a tool for managing applications and the runtimes they use. In the Flatpak model, applications can be built and distributed independently from the host system they are used on, and they are isolated from the host system ('sandboxed') to some degree, at runtime.

Flatpak can operate in system-wide or per-user mode. The system-wide data (runtimes, applications and configuration) is located in $prefix/var/lib/flatpak/, and the per-user data is in $HOME/.local/share/flatpak/. Below these locations, there is a local repository in the repo/ subdirectory and installed runtimes and applications are in the corresponding runtime/ and app/ subdirectories.

System-wide remotes can be statically preconfigured by dropping flatpakref files into /etc/flatpak/remotes.d/.

In addition to the system-wide installation in $prefix/var/lib/flatpak/, which is always considered the default one unless overridden, more system-wide installations can be defined via configuration files in /etc/flatpak/installations.d/, which must define at least the id of the installation and the absolute path to it. Other optional parameters like DisplayName, Priority or StorageType are also supported.

Flatpak uses OSTree to distribute and deploy data. The repositories it uses are OSTree repositories and can be manipulated with the ostree utility. Installed runtimes and applications are OSTree checkouts.

Basic commands for building flatpaks such as build-init, build and build-finish are included in the flatpak utility. For higher-level build support, see the separate flatpak-builder(1) tool.

The following global options are understood. Individual commands have their own options.

-h, --help

Show help options and exit.

-v, --verbose

Show debug information during command processing. Use -vv for more detail.

--ostree-verbose

Show OSTree debug information during command processing.

--version

Print version information and exit.

--default-arch

Print the default arch and exit.

--supported-arches

Print the supported arches in priority order and exit.

--gl-drivers

Print the list of active gl drivers and exit.

--installations

Print paths of system installations and exit.

Commands for managing installed applications and runtimes:

flatpak-install(1)

Install an application or a runtime from a remote or bundle.

flatpak-update(1)

Update an installed application or runtime.

flatpak-uninstall(1)

Uninstall an installed application or runtime.

flatpak-mask(1)

Mask out updates and automatic installation

flatpak-list(1)

List installed applications and/or runtimes.

flatpak-info(1)

Show information for an installed application or runtime.

flatpak-history(1)

Show history.

flatpak-config(1)

Manage flatpak configuration.

flatpak-repair(1)

Repair flatpak installation.

flatpak-create-usb(1)

Copy apps and/or runtimes onto removable media.

Commands for finding applications and runtimes:

flatpak-search(1)

Search for applications and runtimes.

Commands for running applications:

flatpak-run(1)

Run an application.

flatpak-kill(1)

Stop a running application.

flatpak-override(1)

Override permissions for an application.

flatpak-make-current(1)

Specify the default version to run.

flatpak-enter(1)

Enter the namespace of a running application.

Commands for managing file access:

flatpak-document-export(1)

Grant an application access to a specific file.

flatpak-document-unexport(1)

Revoke access to a specific file.

flatpak-document-info(1)

Show information about a specific file.

flatpak-documents(1)

List exported files.

Commands for managing the dynamic permission store:

flatpak-permission-remove(1)

Remove item from permission store.

flatpak-permissions(1)

List permissions.

flatpak-permission-show(1)

Show app permissions.

flatpak-permission-reset(1)

Reset app permissions.

Commands for managing remote repositories:

flatpak-remotes(1)

List all configured remote repositories.

flatpak-remote-add(1)

Add a new remote repository.

flatpak-remote-modify(1)

Modify properties of a configured remote repository.

flatpak-remote-delete(1)

Delete a configured remote repository.

flatpak-remote-ls(1)

List contents of a configured remote repository.

flatpak-remote-info(1)

Show information about a ref in a configured remote repository.

Commands for building applications:

flatpak-build-init(1)

Initialize a build directory.

flatpak-build(1)

Run a build command in a build directory.

flatpak-build-finish(1)

Finalizes a build directory for export.

flatpak-build-export(1)

Export a build directory to a repository.

flatpak-build-bundle(1)

Create a bundle file from a ref in a local repository.

flatpak-build-import-bundle(1)

Import a file bundle into a local repository.

flatpak-build-sign(1)

Sign an application or runtime after its been exported.

flatpak-build-update-repo(1)

Update the summary file in a repository.

flatpak-build-commit-from(1)

Create a new commit based on an existing ref.

flatpak-repo(1)

Print information about a repo.

Commands available inside the sandbox:

flatpak-spawn(1)

Run a command in another sandbox.

File formats that are used by Flatpak commands:

flatpak-flatpakref(5)

Reference to a remote for an application or runtime

flatpak-flatpakrepo(5)

Reference to a remote

flatpak-remote(5)

Configuration for a remote

flatpak-installation(5)

Configuration for an installation location

flatpak-metadata(5)

Information about an application or runtime

Besides standard environment variables such as XDG_DATA_DIRS and XDG_DATA_HOME, flatpak is consulting some of its own.

FLATPAK_USER_DIR

The location of the per-user installation. If this is not set, $XDG_DATA_HOME/flatpak is used.

FLATPAK_SYSTEM_DIR

The location of the default system-wide installation. If this is not set, /var/lib/flatpak is used (unless overridden at build time by --localstatedir or --with-system-install-dir).

FLATPAK_SYSTEM_CACHE_DIR

The location where temporary child repositories will be created during pulls into the system-wide installation. If this is not set, a directory in /var/tmp/ is used. This is useful because it is more likely to be on the same filesystem as the system repository (thus increasing the chances for e.g. reflink copying), and we can avoid filling the user's home directory with temporary data.

FLATPAK_CONFIG_DIR

The location of flatpak site configuration. If this is not set, /etc/flatpak is used (unless overridden at build time by --sysconfdir).

ostree(1), ostree.repo(5), flatpak-remote(5), flatpak-installation(5), https://www.flatpak.org
flatpak