|GETAUXVAL(3)||Linux Programmer's Manual||GETAUXVAL(3)|
unsigned long getauxval(unsigned long type);
Each entry in the auxiliary vector consists of a pair of values: a type that identifies what this entry represents, and a value for that type. Given the argument type, getauxval() returns the corresponding value.
The value returned for each type is given in the following list. Not all type values are present on all architectures.
- The base address of the program interpreter (usually, the dynamic linker).
- A string identifying the real platform; may differ from AT_PLATFORM (PowerPC only).
- The frequency with which times(2) counts. This value can also be obtained via sysconf(_SC_CLK_TCK).
- The data cache block size.
- The effective group ID of the thread.
- The entry address of the executable.
- The effective user ID of the thread.
- File descriptor of program.
- Pathname used to execute program.
- Flags (unused).
- Used FPU control word (SuperH architecture only). This gives some information about the FPU initialization performed by the kernel.
- The real group ID of the thread.
- An architecture and ABI dependent bit-mask whose settings indicate detailed processor capabilities. The contents of the bit mask are hardware dependent (for example, see the kernel source file arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeature.h for details relating to the Intel x86 architecture; the value returned is the first 32-bit word of the array described there). A human-readable version of the same information is available via /proc/cpuinfo.
- AT_HWCAP2 (since glibc 2.18)
- Further machine-dependent hints about processor capabilities.
- The instruction cache block size.
- The system page size (the same value returned by sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE)).
- The address of the program headers of the executable.
- The size of program header entry.
- The number of program headers.
- A pointer to a string that identifies the hardware platform that the program is running on. The dynamic linker uses this in the interpretation of rpath values.
- The address of sixteen bytes containing a random value.
- Has a nonzero value if this executable should be treated securely. Most commonly, a nonzero value indicates that the process is executing a set-user-ID or set-group-ID binary (so that its real and effective UIDs or GIDs differ from one another), or that it gained capabilities by executing a binary file that has capabilities (see capabilities(7)). Alternatively, a nonzero value may be triggered by a Linux Security Module. When this value is nonzero, the dynamic linker disables the use of certain environment variables (see ld-linux.so(8)) and glibc changes other aspects of its behavior. (See also secure_getenv(3).)
- The entry point to the system call function in the vDSO. Not present/needed on all architectures (e.g., absent on x86-64).
- The address of a page containing the virtual Dynamic Shared Object (vDSO) that the kernel creates in order to provide fast implementations of certain system calls.
- The unified cache block size.
- The real user ID of the thread.
- ENOENT (since glibc 2.19)
- No entry corresponding to type could be found in the auxiliary vector.
|getauxval ()||Thread safety||MT-Safe|
The auxiliary vector resides just above the argument list and environment in the process address space. The auxiliary vector supplied to a program can be viewed by setting the LD_SHOW_AUXV environment variable when running a program:
$ LD_SHOW_AUXV=1 sleep 1
The auxiliary vector of any process can (subject to file permissions) be obtained via /proc/[pid]/auxv; see proc(5) for more information.