git restore [<options>] [--source=<tree>] [--staged] [--worktree] <pathspec>... git restore (-p|--patch) [<options>] [--source=<tree>] [--staged] [--worktree] [<pathspec>...]
The command can also be used to restore the content in the index with --staged, or restore both the working tree and the index with --staged --worktree.
By default, the restore sources for working tree and the index are the index and HEAD respectively. --source could be used to specify a commit as the restore source.
See "Reset, restore and revert" in git(1) for the differences between the three commands.
THIS COMMAND IS EXPERIMENTAL. THE BEHAVIOR MAY CHANGE.
If not specified, the default restore source for the working tree is the index, and the default restore source for the index is HEAD. When both --staged and --worktree are specified, --source must also be specified.
Note that --patch can accept no pathspec and will prompt to restore all modified paths.
-W, --worktree, -S, --staged
Note that during git rebase and git pull --rebase, ours and theirs may appear swapped. See the explanation of the same options in git-checkout(1) for details.
$ git switch master $ git restore --source master~2 Makefile (1) $ rm -f hello.c $ git restore hello.c (2)
1. take a file out of another commit
2. restore hello.c from the index
If you want to restore all C source files to match the version in the index, you can say
$ git restore '*.c'
Note the quotes around *.c. The file hello.c will also be restored, even though it is no longer in the working tree, because the file globbing is used to match entries in the index (not in the working tree by the shell).
To restore all files in the current directory
$ git restore .
or to restore all working tree files with top pathspec magic (see gitglossary(7))
$ git restore :/
To restore a file in the index to match the version in HEAD (this is the same as using git-reset(1))
$ git restore --staged hello.c
or you can restore both the index and the working tree (this the same as using git-checkout(1))
$ git restore --source=HEAD --staged --worktree hello.c
or the short form which is more practical but less readable:
$ git restore -s@ -SW hello.c