modules-load.d - Configure kernel modules to load at boot
systemd-modules-load.service(8) reads files from the above directories
which contain kernel modules to load during boot in a static list. Each
configuration file is named in the style of
/etc/modules-load.d/program.conf. Note that it is usually a better idea
to rely on the automatic module loading by PCI IDs, USB IDs, DMI IDs or
similar triggers encoded in the kernel modules themselves instead of static
configuration like this. In fact, most modern kernel modules are prepared for
automatic loading already.
The configuration files should simply contain a list of kernel module names to
load, separated by newlines. Empty lines and lines whose first non-whitespace
character is # or ; are ignored.
Configuration files are read from directories in /etc/, /run/, and /usr/lib/, in
order of precedence. Each configuration file in these configuration
directories shall be named in the style of filename.conf. Files in
/etc/ override files with the same name in /run/ and /usr/lib/. Files in /run/
override files with the same name in /usr/lib/.
Packages should install their configuration files in /usr/lib/.
Files in /etc/ are reserved for the local administrator, who may use this
logic to override the configuration files installed by vendor packages. All
configuration files are sorted by their filename in lexicographic order,
regardless of which of the directories they reside in. If multiple files
specify the same option, the entry in the file with the lexicographically
latest name will take precedence. It is recommended to prefix all filenames
with a two-digit number and a dash, to simplify the ordering of the
If the administrator wants to disable a configuration file
supplied by the vendor, the recommended way is to place a symlink to
/dev/null in the configuration directory in /etc/, with the same filename as
the vendor configuration file. If the vendor configuration file is included
in the initrd image, the image has to be regenerated.
Example 1. /etc/modules-load.d/virtio-net.conf example:
# Load virtio-net.ko at boot