ROUND(3) | Linux Programmer's Manual | ROUND(3) |

# NAME

round, roundf, roundl - round to nearest integer, away from zero# SYNOPSIS

#include <math.h>

double round(doublex);float roundf(floatx);long double roundl(long doublex);

Link with *-lm*.

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

**round**(), **roundf**(), **roundl**():

_ISOC99_SOURCE ||
_POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L

# DESCRIPTION

These functions round*x*to the nearest integer, but round halfway cases away from zero (regardless of the current rounding direction, see fenv(3)), instead of to the nearest even integer like rint(3).

For example, *round(0.5)* is 1.0, and *round(-0.5)* is
-1.0.

# RETURN VALUE

These functions return the rounded integer value.If *x* is integral, +0, -0, NaN, or infinite, *x* itself
is returned.

# ERRORS

No errors occur. POSIX.1-2001 documents a range error for overflows, but see NOTES.# VERSIONS

These functions first appeared in glibc in version 2.1.# ATTRIBUTES

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).Interface | Attribute | Value |

round (), roundf (), roundl () | Thread safety | MT-Safe |

# CONFORMING TO

C99, POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.# NOTES

POSIX.1-2001 contains text about overflow (which might set*errno*to

**ERANGE**, or raise an

**FE_OVERFLOW**exception). In practice, the result cannot overflow on any current machine, so this error-handling stuff is just nonsense. (More precisely, overflow can happen only when the maximum value of the exponent is smaller than the number of mantissa bits. For the IEEE-754 standard 32-bit and 64-bit floating-point numbers the maximum value of the exponent is 128 (respectively, 1024), and the number of mantissa bits is 24 (respectively, 53).)

If you want to store the rounded value in an integer type, you probably want to use one of the functions described in lround(3) instead.

# SEE ALSO

ceil(3), floor(3), lround(3), nearbyint(3), rint(3), trunc(3)# COLOPHON

This page is part of release 5.02 of the Linux*man-pages*project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

2017-09-15 |