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sys_ipc.h(0P) POSIX Programmer's Manual sys_ipc.h(0P)

This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.

sys/ipc.h — XSI interprocess communication access structure

#include <sys/ipc.h>

The <sys/ipc.h> header is used by three mechanisms for XSI interprocess communication (IPC): messages, semaphores, and shared memory. All use a common structure type, ipc_perm, to pass information used in determining permission to perform an IPC operation.

The <sys/ipc.h> header shall define the ipc_perm structure, which shall include the following members:

uid_t    uid    Owner's user ID.
gid_t    gid    Owner's group ID.
uid_t    cuid   Creator's user ID.
gid_t    cgid   Creator's group ID.
mode_t   mode   Read/write permission.

The <sys/ipc.h> header shall define the uid_t, gid_t, mode_t, and key_t types as described in <sys/types.h>.

The <sys/ipc.h> header shall define the following symbolic constants.

Mode bits:

Create entry if key does not exist.
Fail if key exists.
Error if request must wait.


Private key.

Control commands:

Remove identifier.
Set options.
Get options.

The following shall be declared as a function and may also be defined as a macro. A function prototype shall be provided.

key_t  ftok(const char *, int);

The following sections are informative.





The System Interfaces volume of POSIX.1‐2008, ftok()

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. (This is POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at .

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2013 IEEE/The Open Group