|TMPNAM(3)||Linux Programmer's Manual||TMPNAM(3)|
char *tmpnam(char *s); char *tmpnam_r(char *s);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
- Since glibc 2.19:
- Up to and including glibc 2.19:
- _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE
The tmpnam() function returns a pointer to a string that is a valid filename, and such that a file with this name did not exist at some point in time, so that naive programmers may think it a suitable name for a temporary file. If the argument s is NULL, this name is generated in an internal static buffer and may be overwritten by the next call to tmpnam(). If s is not NULL, the name is copied to the character array (of length at least L_tmpnam) pointed to by s and the value s is returned in case of success.
The created pathname has a directory prefix P_tmpdir. (Both L_tmpnam and P_tmpdir are defined in <stdio.h>, just like the TMP_MAX mentioned below.)
The tmpnam_r() function performs the same task as tmpnam(), but returns NULL (to indicate an error) if s is NULL.
|tmpnam ()||Thread safety||MT-Unsafe race:tmpnam/!s|
|tmpnam_r ()||Thread safety||MT-Safe|
tmpnam_r() is a nonstandard extension that is also available on a few other systems.
Although these functions generate names that are difficult to guess, it is nevertheless possible that between the time that the pathname is returned and the time that the program opens it, another program might create that pathname using open(2), or create it as a symbolic link. This can lead to security holes. To avoid such possibilities, use the open(2) O_EXCL flag to open the pathname. Or better yet, use mkstemp(3) or tmpfile(3).
Portable applications that use threads cannot call tmpnam() with a NULL argument if either _POSIX_THREADS or _POSIX_THREAD_SAFE_FUNCTIONS is defined.